The human immunodeficiency virus is a slowly - replicating retrovirus. It causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. AIDS is the late stage of HIV infection when a person's immune system is severely damaged and has difficulty fighting diseases and certain cancers. HIV test Singapore is used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), in serum, saliva, or urine. Such tests tell you if you are infected with HIV or not. According to a rough estimate given by the World Health Organization (WHO), as of 2000, inadequate blood screening had resulted in 1 million new HIV infections worldwide.

1 in 4 new HIV infections occurs in youth aged between 13-24 years, according to CDC.

There are two types of HIV, HIV-1, and HIV-2. Unless noted otherwise, in Singapore, the term "HIV" primarily refers to HIV-1. HIV-2 infections are predominantly found in Africa.

Both HIV-1 and HIV-2 works by infecting and lowering the levels of the CD4+T cells, cells that are crucial to help the body fight diseases. When CD4+T cell numbers decline below a critical level, the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic infections. HIV-1 and HIV-2 appear to package their RNA differently. Tests indicate that HIV-1 is better able to mutate (HIV-1 infection progresses to AIDS faster than HIV-2 infection and is responsible for the majority of global infections).

HIV is spread through blood and genital fluids, including pre-seminal fluids and semen or breast milk. One can become infected with HIV by engaging in unprotected sex or other types of sexual behavior with an HIV-positive person, or by sharing needles, syringes, or other injection equipment with someone who is infected with HIV.

It generally takes a little while to get accurate results from an HIV test. This is because the blood tests that you take are not testing for the presence of HIV itself in your blood but are instead testing for the antibodies that your body creates in an attempt to fight the virus. Many HIV-positive people are unaware that they are infected with the virus.

The amount of time required for antibodies to show up on HIV tests is highly variable, as they can show up as early as two weeks or as late as six months. During that period, you can test HIV negative even though you are infected with the virus. You can still catch HIV from someone who is in the window period. Since donors are unaware of their infections, donated blood and blood products used in medicine are routinely checked for HIV.

Both you and your partner should get tested for HIV and know your status before having sex for the first time. Pregnant women should be positively tested during each pregnancy. If the mother is infected with HIV, care should be taken of minimizing the chance of passing the virus to the baby. Medicines are available today, which taken properly during pregnancy can surely lower the risk of passing HIV to the baby.

The most commonly used HIV test is a blood test. Blood will first be tested using the ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) test. If antibodies to HIV are present in the serum, they may bind to these HIV antigens.

ELISA results are reported as a number. If the ELISA test is positive, the results will be confirmed using the Western Blot test, which tests only for HIV antibodies. In Singapore, such ELISA results are not reported as 'positives', unless confirmed by a Western Blot test. Newer HIV tests can detect HIV antibodies in mouth fluids (not saliva), a scraping from inside the mouth, or urine. In 2012, the FDA approved the first "in-home" HIV test. It uses a mouth swab and shows results in 30-40 minutes. Any positive test result should be confirmed by a lab using the Western Blot.

After a negative sixth-month test, it is recommended that individuals get one final check done six months later to confirm the results. If the results are still negative, it is almost certain that the person is not infected with HIV.

HIV is similar to other viruses, such as those that cause cold and flu, with one important difference - the human body cannot get rid of HIV. That means. If you get HIV, you get it for LIFE.

Author's Bio: 

Hi, My name is HRIDOY AHMED & I'am a Full-time freelancer, Veteran of SEO and Backlink building with 3+ years of experience. I offer a Variety of Different SEO services which are GUARANTEED to boost your website's SEO> Feel Free to contact me with questions you may have. I have huge knowledge On this service which I offer you.

link to find me:

Thank You