Diabetes is one of the most threatening metabolic diseases that affect a very large population every year. Basically, there are two types of diabetes, i.e., type-1 and type-2. However, the most common one is type-2. There are many people around us who are suffering from this condition and struggling every day just to live a normal and long life for their families and loved ones.

The condition is generally a result of an unhealthy lifestyle or sometimes even inherited as a genetic trait. No matter what the cause is, diabetes is still one of the major health concerns around the globe. Over the years, researchers have tried to find out a better way to treat diabetes or to be precise to end the condition from its roots. Generally, the treatment of diabetes is about lifestyle changes and use of some oral medicines or hormones that can help in keeping up with the condition for a longer time.

But the time has changed now, the modern scientific research is developing every day and is trying to find out new treatments to the pre-existing problems, that includes diabetes. Here, we are going to discuss the future of diabetes treatment that'll make sure that one day people don't suffer from diabetes:

1. Artificial Pancreas

If you don't know what the pancreas is, then let me enlighten you. Basically, the pancreas is an organ of our body that produces various hormones, including some essential hormones to maintain the chemistry of bodies such as insulin and glucagon. It also secretes various enzymes that help in breakdown of the food in body. Overall, it helps with various functions of the body. But, you might think about how it is associated with diabetes.

Well, one of the hormones released by pancreas, i.e., insulin guides the cells of the body to absorb glucose from the blood and use it to provide energy to body. In case of diabetes type-1, the body isn't able to produce enough insulin, thus affecting the metabolism and increasing the blood glucose levels in body. Also, in case of diabetes type-2, the pancreas produces low levels of insulin or either the body opposes the insulin already present in the body. This is why many people with diabetes have to survive of insulin injections to cope up with their condition.

This is the reason why many people with diabetes spend most of their life in checking their blood glucose levels and keeping the record of insulin they injected into their body. However, the researchers are working on something that can change the total scenario for diabetes patients. This new innovation is the artificial pancreas device system, a device made by combining three separate devices, i.e., a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system along with an insulin infusion pump, both the devices connected together with the third device that is a computer-controlled algorithm.

Together, these devices work in harmony to keep a check on your blood glucose levels, and if the blood sugar levels are high the insulin infusing pump just inject some insulin in your body to balance the blood sugar levels in your body to keep you going. This device can possibly become a game changer in the management of both diabetes type-1 and type-2. However, the product will still take time to reach markets as it is still in its premarket approval stage. But, we can still hope for a better future though.

Also Read: Diabetes – Types, Risk Factors, Causes, Prevention and Natural Ways to Treat

2. Lorcaserin

Besides all the drugs available in the market for the treatment of diabetes type-2, this new drug works in a different way as compared to rest of them. Meanwhile, the traditional drug class used for diabetes treatment, i.e., Biguanides helps in increasing the insulin sensitivity in body and also helps in preventing the synthesis of glucose from non-carbohydrate sources, thus assists in maintaining the blood glucose levels. However, Lorcaserin works differently, the drug generally targets the neurons that regulate the level of blood sugar in body.

Generally, the doctors prescribe lorcaserin to the patients to help them with weight loss and suppressing their hunger by regulating their neurons. But, the researchers from the Rowett Institute, University of Aberdeen, along with the support from the University of Cambridge and University of Michigan have discovered that the drug can also help in reducing the blood glucose levels and can be extremely beneficial for the treatment of diabetes type-2.

However, the drug requires more research before it is used for the treatment of diabetes patients, but clearly, this drug used for obesity can be extremely beneficial for diabetes patients and can make a major difference in the future diabetes treatment options.

Also Read: Type II Diabetes and its Most Common Drug List

3. Regeneration of Cells

Generally, the major cause of diabetes type-1 is the adverse function of the body's immune system that destroys the insulin-producing cells inside the body. This results in decreased insulin sensitivity in body and high levels of glucose and certainly affecting the metabolism of the body. The modern research works on finding out the cause of this behaviour of the immune system so that there can be better options available in the future for the treatment of the condition.

Also, the modern treatment methods are currently working to find a way that can help in the regeneration of the insulin-producing cells so that the body can naturally start producing insulin again. The researchers are trying various genetic engineering methods such as the use of stem cells to regenerate these cells. Studies have shown that many type-1 diabetes patients still have some insulin-producing cells left in their body. This creates a possibility that these cells can be used to create new cells, thus helping in the treatment of type-1 diabetes.

The researchers are working every day to discover a way that can help us live a better life while fighting with diabetes. Even after reading all this, there might still be a question in your mind, “What does the future of diabetes treatment hold?” Well, as the researchers are progressing, I think that there will come a time when the doctors will use genetic testing to predict the risk of diabetes in patients and will be able to define the diabetes sub-type by studying the genetic mutation. All of this will someday help in the treatment of diabetes even before it actually starts showing effects

References:

zovon.com/hot-topics/diabetes/

Author's Bio: 

I could be called a wizard in this health world, I think I have an awesome manner of telling things about various parameters without bragging too much.