Urology goes by the name genitourinary surgery which is the branch of medicine that focuses on medical and surgical diseases of the female and male urinary tract and male reproductive organs. A urologist is a doctor who specializes in the study and treatment of the disorders of the urinary system.

Andrology is the branch of medicine that deals with male infertility and sexual dysfunction. It relates to the problem of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men. Andrologist is urologist whose focus is entirely on the treatment of conditions affecting male fertility and sexuality.

Treatments for Male Infertility
There are lots of treatment options for treating infertility problem in men. Some of the treatment options for male infertility include:

Treating infections
Infections in the reproductive tract can be cured by antibiotic but this does not always help to restore fertility in men. So, you need to opt for other treatment options which are effective.

A varicocele can often be surgically corrected and prior vasectomies can be reversed. In cases where no sperm are present in the ejaculate, the sperm retrieval technique can be of great use. In this technique, the sperm is directly retrieved from the testicles.

Hormone treatments and medications
In cases where infertility is caused by high or low levels of certain hormones, the doctor may recommend hormone replacement or medications. This can cure the problem of infertility in men to some extent thereby fostering male fertility.

Treatments for sexual intercourse problems
In cases with erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation, medication or counseling can help improve fertility.

Assisted reproduction technology or ART
ART treatments involve obtaining sperm through surgical extraction, normal ejaculation or from donor individuals. This depends on the specific case and wishes of the individual. The sperm collected are then inserted into the female genital tract as it is done in In Vitro Fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

Diagnosis of male infertility problems often involves semen analysis, general physical exam and medical history. The doctor may recommend an additional test to determine the cause of infertility. These tests include:
• Hormone testing
• Genetic tests
• Scrotal ultrasound
• Testicular biopsy
• Post-ejaculation urinalysis
• Transrectal ultrasound
• Specialized sperm function tests

The above tests help to understand the exact cause of infertility in men and help to refer to treatment accordingly.

Thus, treating patients with infertility issues has become easy thanks to the latest technology and advanced equipment which brought a revolutionary change in the way patients are being treated.

Dr. Vishal Dutt Gour is a well-known Urological Surgeon in Delhi who is doing sincere work in this field for the last 21 years. He is the consultant urologist and male fertility specialist in the reputed SCI International Hospital. He did his graduation from Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital in Mumbai. He was awarded the Shri Dhirajlal Desai Medal for coming first in M.Ch (Urology). So, if you are suffering from infertility problem feel free to book an appointment, your worries will be gone.

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Click here to contact Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour - Infertility Specialist in New Delhi, Delhi