Groundnut is given much importance as it is a rich source of energy contributed by oil (48- 50 %) and protein (25-28%) in the kernels. It is calculated that a 100 grams of shelled groundnuts could provide an energy of approximately 564 kilo calorie. Furthermore, groundnut oil holds many health enhancing nutrients like minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and is rich in mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA).

Antioxidants present in peanut oil include p-coumaric acid and resveratol.

Vitamins contained in peanut oil are Vitamin-E, Vitamin-B complex groups such as Thiamin( B-1),Pantothenic acid(B-5), Pyridoxine(B-6), Folic acid(B-9) and Niacin(B-3).

Groundnut is a dietary source of biologically active polyphenols, flavonoids, and isoflavones.

Fatty acids available in groundnut oil includes
Mono-unsaturated fatty acid(MUFA) like Oleic acid or Omega-9 fatty acid (46.8% as olein)
Poly-unsaturated fatty acid(PUFA) like linoleic acid or Omega-6 fatty acid(33.4% as linolein)
Saturated fatty acid like Palmitic acid(10.0% as palmitin)
Besides these it also contains some little amount of stearic acid, arachidic acid,behenic acid and lignoceric acid.

On the whole, 100 grams of groundnut oil contains 48.3 g of MUFA, 33.4 g of PUFA and 17.5g of saturated fat.
Being highly nutritious groundnut and groundnut products are suggested as nutritional foods to fight energy, protein and micronutrient malnutrition among the poor people.

Potential Benefits of groundnut oil:

1.Reducing risk of cardiac diseases:
There is much evidence based research that shows the consumption of unsaturated fatty acids could reduce the risk factors associated with cardiac diseases. Cold pressed groundnut oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids( MUFA & PUFA) that reduces "bad cholesterol" and increases "good cholesterol" which in turn maintain a healthy blood lipid profile and reduce the risk of coronary ailments.

2.Improves blood circulation:
Linoleic acid or Omega-6 fatty acid found in the cold pressed groundnut oil is the precursor for prostaglandin. These prostaglandin plays a vital role in the contraction and dilation of the blood vessels to allow smooth blood circulation.

3.Control blood sugar level:
Cold pressed groundnut oil is really a boon to patients with diabetes. As it is rich in unsaturated fatty acids rather than saturated fatty acid ,it helps in improving insulin sensitivity and thus regulating the blood sugar levels.

4. Act as antioxidants:
Cold pressed groundnut oil is rich in Vitamin-E. The vital role of Vitamin-E in our body is that it acts as antioxidant thereby protecting the body from the harmful free radicals. It also boosts the body's immune system, improves RBC formation, helps cell signaling and prevents blood clots.

5.Prevents Arthritis:
Peanut oil having the anti-inflammatory properties thereby its intake through our diet will help to control the inflammatory diseases such as arthritis. Massaging the affected joints with the groundnut oil can alleviate pain and further strengthen the joints.

6. Treats acne:
Applying peanut oil along with a few drops of lime juice could treat acne. Naturally contained anti inflammatory properties of peanut oil helps in preventing skin inflammations.

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Author's Bio: 

Hello, This is Madhumitha for AGS Arogiyam food products. I am the chief executive of this concern. We are exporting two types of edible oils such as groundnut and sesame oil, basmati, non-basmati rice varieties, spices such as cardamom & pepper, cashew nuts, groundnuts and sesame seeds in bulk quantity with excellent quality.