Odissi is believed to be oldest form of Indian dance according to the various sculptural evidences available. Temples has been the basis of cultural life in this state therefore Odissi dance has been closely connected with their routine activities. Odissi dances show signs of Buddhism, Tantrism, Shaivism, and Vaishnavism. In Natyashastra it is referred to as Odhra Magadhi. It has been differentiated from other Indian dance forms as it emphasizes upon the tribhangi, the independent movement of head, chest and pelvis on the basic square stance known as chauka.

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Odissi is an ancient classical dance which was originally developed in the temple of Jagannath in Orissa as a form of worship and meditation