In a world where this is no dearth of frameworks to choose from, the long-serving PHP has comfortably established itself as a perfect solution that offers a variety of use cases. Introduced over two decades ago, PHP has been used to develop a staggering number of robust applications across the globe. However, of late, it has received significant competition from Node.js -- a runtime environment that uses JavaScript for server-side app development. Node.js leverages JavaScript to help developers create data-driven, event-based, I/O-heavy web apps, such as that for e-commerce.

So, considering that these two environments are also continually evolving, much like every other technology, the decision about which one of these two is better suited for web development is rendered even more difficult. To make this choice a tad easy for you, we will take you through some of the most significant advantages and limitations offered by PHP and Node.js.

1. PHP


  • Since PHP is portable, it is capable of running on any server, such as Nginx and Apache among others.
  • PHP's codebase includes platforms such as Symfony, Laravel, Phalcon, CakePHP, Zend Framework, FuelPHP, and more for web development. It is with Joomla, Drupal, and WordPress for CMS. What this means is that developers can quickly adapt it by their requirements.
  • It also gets extensive hosting support. Thanks to the availability of shared hosting options, the integration, and deployment of PHP-based apps is made more accessible for individuals or small companies, who gain the ability to run their apps sans Linux Server Technologies or console commands.


  • PHP is not conducive to the implementation of the Model-View-Controller (MVC) approach. It is problematic since MVC is crucial for maintainability, scalability, and readability of web applications. What PHP code blends HTML and language syntax inside HTML files, leading to the poor coding structure.
  • It still operates on a conventional client-server model, wherein every page request starts off the app, database connection, configuration parameters, as well as HTML rendering. It, in turn, considerably slows PHP down.

2. Node.js


  • Node.js empowers developers with the ability to choose the ideal design patterns, architecture, features, and modules, thus allowing them sufficient space to get creative while working on the app's development.
  • It offers excellent help for highly scalable apps that optimize single CPU usage. Node.js is also ideal for asynchronous, extensive I/O-bound workflows, data-driven apps, like Real-time applications (RTA) or Single-page Applications (SPAs), where it helps deliver excellent runtime performance.
  • Because JavaScript usually serves as the link across browsers, Node.js applications are made accessible to manage since it becomes quite simple to check JavaScript code on both the front- as well as back- end.


  • It isn't quite efficient when it comes to either processing big files or handling CPU-intensive apps. Node.js can often become unresponsive and is not suited for a multi-threaded server environment.
  • Node.js makes it challenging to evaluate the quality of a specific module before application deployment.

It is crucial that you first carefully assess the type of application you need, the hosting needs, and the timeframe of the project before you decide between Node.JS and PHP. Moreover, no matter the path you take -- be it engaging the service of a PHP web application development company or hiring a Node.js developer, be sure to keep these points in mind. This way, you will be able to ensure that you get a high-quality app for your business.

Author's Bio: 

Kaushal Shah manages digital marketing communications for the enterprise technology services provided by Rishabh Software.