Retinal detachment is a serious sight-threatening condition that requires immediate medical intervention. Any delay in the treatment may worsen the vision and lead to complete vision loss. If you have sudden flashes of light and occurrence of floaters and you feel a loss in vision, immediately contact the best retina specialist in Mumbai and you may be required to undergo retina surgery in Mumbai.

What Is Retinal Detachment?
Retinal detachment is a very serious medical condition in which a very thin layer of tissue of the retina gets detached from its normal position, at the posterior side of the eye. Also, in this case, retinal cells don’t get proper oxygen and nutriment due to the separation of the blood vessels from it. If retinal detachment is not treated immediately, it may lead to a higher risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye.

What Are The Symptoms Of Retinal Detachment?
During retinal detachment many signs may occur, some of them are as follows:

Acute floaters and altered vision may be seen.
In some cases flashes of lights occur in thr affected eye.
Eyesight may get blurred.
Peripheral vision gets reduced gradually.
A very slight shadow type occurs in the visual range to begin with.
What Are The Causes For Retinal Detachment?
Causes of retinal detachment are categorized into three different parts:

Rhegmatogenous: It is the most common type of retinal detachment generated by a hole and tear in the retinal tissue ,and fluid passes through and gets accumulated under it or nearby retina. It pulls out the retina away from the underlying layers . The area where the detachment of retina occurs fails to supply blood and discontinues functioning, resulting in vision loss.

Tractional: On the surface of the retina, various scar tissues gradually start growing and retina gets pulled from the back portion of the eye.

Generally, in people with diabetic retinopathy, this type of critical detachment is observed . The condition is more common in patients with uncontrolled diabetes.

Exudative: It is another condition in which fluid gets accumulated under or nearby retina. It occurs due to eye injury or age-related condition and also sometimes is seen in inflammatory disease.

What Are The Risk Factors For Retinal Detachment?
The risk of Retinal detachment may increase due to several factors, some of which are as under :
It is common in persons above 50 years of age.
If one or both eyes have a history of retinal detachment.
Genetic history of retinal detachment.
Severe myopia.
Any past eye surgery such as cataract surgery
Already having any previous eye damage.
Presence of any other eye disorder, such as retinoschisis uveitis or weakening of the exterior retina.
How is The Retinal Detachment Diagnosed ?
Retinal detachment is diagnosed through various diagnostic techniques:

Examination of Retina: An equipment called the Indirect ophthalmoscope is used to have a bright beam of light flow and exclusive lenses to investigate the posterior portion of the eye, alongwith the retina.

The devices or instruments used, provides high definition and detailed view of the entire eye, allowing to see or analyze the retina.

Ultrasonographic Imaging: If in any condition bleeding occurs in the eye which makes it difficult to examine the retina, this special test is done.

The patient maybe asked to follow up within a few weeks for further eye examination In case the patient experiences any new symptoms, it’s very necessary to diagnose immediately.

What Are The Treatment Options For Retinal Detachment?
Surgery is the only treatment and it is necessary to get every retinal break and fix them, to treat the present and prevent risk of the vitreomacular syndrome. If left untreated, it may lead to a high risk of loss of total vision.

Surgical options are:
Laser surgery or photocoagulatIon – A beam of laser-assisted over a contact lens or ophthalmoscope. Then the retinal tear is sealed by the laser, which results in the binding of the traumatized tissue and come back in its stable position.

Cryosurgery: Application of extreme cold to destroy the abnormal tissue.

Buckling of sclera: In the retinal detached area, thin strips of silicon tubing are introduced onto the sclera.

Vitreous gel removal or Vitrectomy done with 23 or 25 gauge vitrector and endolaser with or without cryotherapy and fluid gas exchange is done with C3 F8 gas or silicon oil in Advanced retinal detachment surgeries.

Author's Bio: 

Dr. Niteen Dedhia is a Retina Specialist in India. Ojas eye hospital has the best retina surgeons and retina specialists in India to treat diabetic eye, retina detachment in mumbai, India.

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