The man nicknamed "Mayor of Silicon Valley", Robert Norton Noyce helped to create a technology that would ultimately change the face of electronics.

The child of a congregational minister, Robert was born on the 12th of December 1927 in Burlington, Iowa and spent his childhood days in Grinell in the same State. He went to Grinell College and obtained a degree with Physics as his major. He was a born organizer, showing extraordinary self-confidence in everything he did. Grant Gale, Noyce’s Physics professor in college, attained 2 of the first transistors created by Bell Labs. Gale showed these transistors to his class and Noyce became instantaneously fascinated with them. This occurrence would ultimately lead to the making of the silicon chip or what we now call the microchip.

Noyce entered Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1948 for a Ph.D. and earned it in 1953. Following this he became involved with the advancement of the Germanium transistor throughout his spell at Philco Corporation as a research engineer. Noyce would ultimately leave Philco and joined Shockley Transistor Company to go in their semiconductor laboratory in 1956. This company was founded by William Shockley, a co-inventor of the transistor. It had been in that company that Noyce began research on transistors using silicon.

Conversely, Shockley and Noyce weren't meant to be together for long since their scientific ideas and personalities collided. Unhappy with the company, Noyce and seven of his fellow researchers left in 1957 to form their very own company, Fairchild Semiconductor. Being the director for research and development of their freshly established company, Noyce focused on methods to develop the compound circuit interconnections needed for advanced electronic devices. In 1959, he was in a position to merge all of the components in a single small block of silicon consequently producing his own version of the integrated circuit. He consequently filed for a patent later that year but a lengthy legal battle with Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments soon followed. Kilby was the first one to invent an integrated circuit; however, it was Noyce who eventually got the patent in 1969.

Within that time, the electronics industry was youthful and the invention of integrated circuits revolutionized the business. Fairchild Semiconductor manufactured more integrated circuits than any other company. As Noyce had once done with Shockley, he left Fairchild in 1968 and brought along Gordon Moore and Andrew Grove to create Intel Corporation. They concentrated their efforts in developing and producing silicon chips and microprocessors. Intel ultimately became the largest manufacturer of microchips in the world. It still is today.

In the latter part of 1970s, Noyce initiated a few moves to uphold the electronics industry. He was at the forefront of starting organizations such as Sematech – a group of 14 semiconductor corporations with the goal of reinforcing the electronics industry to face foreign rivals. Robert Noyce died of a heart attack at the age of 62 in Austin, Texas. But his legacy will for all eternally be etched on the face of microchips, not just in Silicon Valley but all over the planet. A noteworthy man.

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I have been heavily involved in the property business for over twenty years. My work ranges from gardening, electrics and diy. Gasically I can turn my hand to pretty much anything.