Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the organizer of the Suri Empire in the northern piece of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in cutting edge Bihar. An ethnic Afghan Pashtun, Sher Shah assumed responsibility for the Mughal Empire in 1538. After his coincidental demise in 1545, his child Islam Shah turned into his successor.

He previously filled in as a private before ascending to turn into an officer in the Mughal armed force under Babur and afterward the legislative leader of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's child Humayun was somewhere else on a campaign, Sher Shah overran the province of Bengal and set up the Suri dynasty.

A splendid strategist, Sher Shah substantiated himself as a talented manager just as a proficient general. His redesign of the realm established the frameworks for the later Mughal rulers, eminently Akbar, child of Humayun.

Amid his seven-year rule from 1538 to 1545, he set up another community and military organization, issued the first Rupiya from "Taka" and re-sorted out the postal arrangement of the Indian Subcontinent.

He further built up Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and restored the chronicled city of Pataliputra, which had been in decay since the seventh century CE, as Patna.

[not in reference given] He expanded the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the outskirts of the territory of Bengal in upper east India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the most distant northwest of the nation.

Sher Shah Suri Poetry

Sher shah suri loves poetries but it is not included in Pakistani school syllabus and literature or books as well the peoples of Pakistan spent a lot of his to for reading love poetries in urdu online. There are many famous poets like Iqbal, Ghalib, Meer, Dard, Faiz, Ahmad Faraz Etc.

We are bequeathed on the nation, 
And the nation bequeathed to us.
Have pride they said, 
For it is the only one in the universe.

Culture! Culture! Cried the painter,
Oldest of the old.
A single stroke, a blazing hue,
He drew as he was told.

The nation in all its feminine divinity,
A trident and a halo.
He drew as he had drawn before, 
With a saffron brush.

The mural stood in all its glory,
Under the warrior’s watch.
Till a bullet pierced his spine,
And he died while yet on his watch.

Again the painter with his saffron brush was called,
To paint over the blood stained wall.
As the warrior looked on,
Remembering his fallen comrade,
Humming the age old serenade.

We are bequeathed on the nation, 
And the nation bequeathed to us.
Have pride they said, 
For it is the only one in the universe.


Early life and origin

Sher Shah Suri was conceived in Sasaram, a city in the province of Bihar in India, while he called Rohri, a town in the Dera Ismail Khan region of Pakistan, his hereditary home, as that is from where his granddad, Ibrahim Khan Suri, moved with his dad Hassan.

His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Sur clan. The name Sher (implies lion or tiger in the more established elocution of Persian) was presented upon him for his boldness, when as a young fellow, he slaughtered a tiger that jumped abruptly upon the lord of Bihar.

His granddad Ibrahim Khan Suri was a proprietor (Jagirdar) in Narnaul zone and spoke to Delhi leaders of that period. Mazar of Ibrahim Khan Suri still stands as a landmark in Narnaul. Tarikh-I Khan Jahan Lodi (MS. p. 151). [non-essential source needed] additionally affirm this reality. In any case, the online Encyclopædia Britannica states that he was conceived in Sasaram (Bihar), in the Rohtas district.

He was one of around eight children of Mian Hassan Khan Suri, a conspicuous figure in the legislature of Bahlul Khan Lodi in Narnaul Pargana. Sher shah had a place with the Pashtun Sur tribe.[citation needed] His granddad, Ibrahim Khan Suri, was a respectable globe-trotter from Roh.

self-distributed source] who was enrolled a lot before by Sultan Bahlul Lodi of Delhi amid his long challenge with the Jaunpur Sultanate.

Conquest of Bihar and Bengal

Farid Khan began his administration under Bahar Khan Lohani, the Mughal Governor of Bihar. Because of his valor, Bahar Khan compensated him the title Sher Khan (Lion Lord). After the passing of Bahar Khan, Sher Khan turned into the official leader of the minor Sultan, Jalal Khan.

Later detecting the development of Sher Shah's capacity in Bihar, Jalal looked for the help of Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah, the autonomous Sultan of Bengal. Ghiyasuddin sent a military under General Ibrahim Khan.[citation needed] But, Sher Khan crushed the power at the skirmish of Surajgarh in 1534 in the wake of framing

union with Ujjainiya Rajputs and other nearby chiefdoms.[17] Thus he accomplished unlimited authority of Bihar.

Conquest Of Malwa

After the passing of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1537, Qadir Shah turned into the new leader of Malwa Sultanate. He at that point turned for help towards the Rajput and Muslim aristocrats of the Khilji guideline of Malwa.

Bhupat Rai and Puran Mal, children of Raja Silhadi acknowledged administration under the routine of Malwa in acknowledgment of their enthusiasm for the Raisen area. By 1540, Bhupat Rai had passed on and Puran Mal had turned into the overwhelming power in eastern Malwa.

In 1542, Sher Shah vanquished Malwa without a battle and Qadir Shah fled to Gujarat. He at that point selected Shuja'at Khan as the legislative head of Malwa who revamped the organization and made Sarangpur the seat of Malwa's administration. Sher Shah at that point requested Puran Mal to be brought before him. Puran Mal consented to acknowledge his lordship and left his sibling Chaturbhuj under Sher Shah's administration. In return Sher Shah promised to shield Puran Mal and his territory.

Death And Succession

Sher Shah was murdered on 22 May 1545 amid the attack of Kalinjar fortification against the Rajputs of Mahoba.[2] When all strategies to curb this stronghold fizzled.

Sher Shah requested the dividers of the post to be exploded with black powder, however he himself was truly injured because of the blast of a mine. He was prevailing by his child, Jalal Khan, who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. His sepulcher, the Sher Shah Suri Tomb (122 ft high), remains amidst a fake lake at Sasaram, a town on the Grand Trunk Road.


Sher ShahSuri neighborhood and Sher Shah Bridge in Kiamari Town of Karachi, Sher Shah Road in Multan cantt and Sher Shah Park in Wah Cantt, Pakistan, are named in the respect of Sher Shah Suri.

Information Collected By : wikipedia

Written By : Author Umar Hussain

Author's Bio: 

I'm Umar Hussain blogger from the USA. I'm writing on different topics since 2011. Writing reading and learning is my passion. I'm looking forward to the beautiful fall weather in Karachi, Pakistan. Learn more about me