Global Health and Aging report of World Health Organization states more than 500 million people, two percent short of double digit mark of the world’s population, were aged 65 or older in 2010. The same number is anticipated to leap up two folds in 2050 (1.5 billion population which makes around 16% of the global population). The health governing body further estimates that more than 600 million people live with disabilities globally. Including intelligence to home environment will lead to improved quality of life for disabled and senior citizens who might otherwise need institutional care or caregivers. Nevertheless, it becomes imperative for researchers to come up with user-friendly smart environments for encouraging a better and sophisticated quality life for disabled and elderly people. Smart homes use location-aware and context-aware technologies to elicit ubiquitous computing home environment and intelligent automation for energy management, comfort, safety and security.

In the past few years, researchers have been developing technologies suited for smart homes—home automation, internet of things (IoT), energy management, intelligent control and wearable devices. In order to provide a safe and comfortable ambience for residents, the facets of remote control of household appliances, indoor condition monitoring and smart energy management can be used.

A smart home system including multi-sensor data fusion technology, artificial intelligence and wearable intelligent technology can locate residents’ positions in the indoor environment with the assistance of inertial-sensing-based indoor positioning algorithm and control household appliances remotely with the help of inertial-sensing-based gesture recognition algorithm and discern the environmental conditions of the living spaces with the aid of intelligent fire detection and alarm algorithm , in order to implement attributions such as smart energy management, home automation control and home safety. Several studies have underpinned inertial-sensing-based wearable devices which have become an apt solution for indoor location application and gesture recognition.

The multi-sensor circuit module integrates temperature sensors and CO sensors for the proper function of home safety. The information processing module is accountable for connecting radio frequency wireless receiver through serial peripheral interface, for collecting the CO concentrations and temperatures measured from the multi-sensor circuit module through digital pins and analog and for collecting the motion signals evaluated from the wearable inertial sensing module.

On the other hand, the wearable inertial sensing module is used to detect motion signals elicited from hand and foot movements for smart energy management function and remote control of household appliances.

Internet of Things (IoT) Complements Smart Home Systems

Lately, internet of things (IoT) has revealed exponential growth as the advent of IoT brings revolution in sectors incorporating transportation, automation, healthcare, energy, nanotechnology to financial services. Internet of things technology has been used for augmentation of smart homes to ameliorate quality of life and at the same time provide intelligence and comfort. IoTs have become imperative for smart homes systems for applications and devices such as air condition, lighting, entertainment and home security systems are being connected to the internet. In addition, home environment can be regularly monitored in order to monitor amount of energy consumption or maintain desired temperature. Financially it will be fruitful for it will play pivotal role in cost reduction and energy saving.

 On account of sophistication and higher affordability of tablets and smart phones, a considerable surge in home automation has been witnessed. The research and implementation of home automation has been backed by the emergence of internet of things. Numbers of wireless technologies which can buttress sensing, control and remote data transfer such as RFID, Bluetooth and WIFI have been used to embed different levels of intelligence of in the home. Use of simple object access protocol (SOAP), web services and representational state transfer (REST) as an interoperable application layer to remotely access home automation system have been vouched for by few researchers.

The popularity of smart home systems market has become an inevitable trend with the more convenient operation and incessantly decreasing cost of smart home.

Augmentation of Smart Home for Monitoring and Controlling of Energy Consumption

Energy consumption, specifically electricity, is one of the graving problems in households as the demand of energy and soaring cost have compelled organizations to look for smart ways for controlling, monitoring and saving energy. An energy management system (EMS) for smart homes can become instrumental in reduction of costs while at the same time keeping up with the energy demand. Apart from internet of things (IoT), big data can also be used to aptly manage consumption of energy in residential sectors.

The data acquisition system on chip (SoC) collates the data of energy consumption from each device of each smart home and for further processing and analysis, transmits the data to a centralized server. As a big data this information from all residential areas accumulates in the utility server.


Author's Bio: 

Arslan Khan working on the client site as a Sr. Research Manager@ MRH. Our aim is to provide the best industry and market forecast reports to the seeker. Currently,
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