Open source development is a methodology of creating software products from the design, development to its distribution. Open source software is often distributed under the GPL (General Public License). This methodology provides a source code access to anybody and everybody aspiring to develop the software further for the good.

The evolution of Open source development

During the period of 50’s and 60’s, software were distributed free of cost to enhance the functionality of the hardware or to promote the hardware. People involved in the computer business dealt with hardware and freely distributed codes to encourage hardware sales. Also, buyers often had to change the code to make it work according to their business. They also had to fix bugs or add new features supporting hardware issues.

During early 1970’s operating system and compilers began to grow rapidly. This development phase led to the software demand, which had software companies to begin charging for the software licenses. Software started selling with several legal restrictions such as copyright, trademark and leasing contracts.

The open source trend evolved during 1984 and 1985. Stallman started the GNU project with an ultimate goal of getting the operating system developed and edited by genius developers without the expensive licensing issue and source code restrictions. This promoted open source development not only for operating system, but also for other areas of computing. Later, GNU General Public License became a legal tool ensuring that software under the GNU will remain free.

Open source framework programming advanced, and today major companies accept open source integration or open source software. Open source system developed some of the most famous and robust software namely Mozilla Corporation products, Firefox; Linux and UNIX operating systems; LAMP software stack and so on.

The Concept

Although we fondly call open source software as free software, the term ‘free’ refers to its nature meaning users have liberty to use, study and modify the software. In terms of price, open source software are not available free of cost, but one can easily avail them at minimal charges. Open source development is, generally, an initiative from the non-profit organizations.

What makes proprietary software owners uncomfortable is the lower monetary costs of development, support and license of open source customization . Also, backed by huge communities and developers with better skills, there is a wide scope for open source development and open source integration . These solutions are faster and scalable as compared to their proprietary counterparts. Moreover, open source solutions offer more stability as they can be freely changed with time and according to the usability.

Is open source integration preferable?

Today, most companies feel implementing open source framework programming techniques are safer and hassle-free, as companies don’t have to go through the complicated proprietary software licensing process. These software are community driven and community serving; brilliant programmers across the world join these communities and put their efforts to serve it better.

Open source development is self-sustained. It doesn’t belong to a specific organization, but to the community. Therefore, open source integration is always preferable as if a company initiating a specific development goes bankrupt, the software still remains strong, and the development never stops, as it is well-maintained by the community.

Author's Bio: 

Jeff M Mathew from Grey Matter India (GMI) Technologies Pvt. Ltd. is a leading IT services and solutions provider that excels at providing open source development and delivering sophisticated open source integration and customization services.