Salpingography is a diagnostic procedure involving injecting a contrast agent into the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes via a catheter. By utilizing X-ray fluoroscopy and photography with specialized imaging equipment, it allows for the examination of fallopian tube patency, identification of any obstructions, and assessment of the shape of the uterine cavity. This method primarily relies on visualizing the movement and distribution of the contrast agent within the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity to provide valuable diagnostic insights.

Salpingography serves various purposes, including:

1. Evaluating Fallopian Tube Obstruction: The procedure helps determine if the fallopian tubes are unobstructed or if any blockages are present, aiding in the diagnosis of potential causes of infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss.

2. Assessing Uterine Cavity Shape: By observing the shape of the uterine cavity during the procedure, salpingography provides information about potential abnormalities or structural irregularities that may affect fertility or reproductive health.

3. Identifying Anatomical Abnormalities: Salpingography aids in the identification of any structural abnormalities or distortions in the fallopian tubes or uterine cavity, helping to guide further treatment decisions.

4. Guiding Treatment Planning: The findings from salpingography can assist healthcare professionals in developing appropriate treatment plans tailored to the individual's specific condition and reproductive goals.

Doctors do not recommend salpingography, usually because of contraindications to salpingography in patients. For example, people who are allergic to the contrast medium, those during menstruation, those infected with the reproductive system, and those who cannot exclude pregnancy belong to the contraindicated population of salpingography.

1. Those who are allergic to the contrast medium: if the patient is allergic to tubal contrast media, it is not suitable for her to do salpingography. If such people undergo salpingography, there is a high risk of anaphylactic shock or other serious consequences.

2. Those in the menstrual period: Patients in the menstrual period will suffer from bleeding because the endometrium will gradually shed. And at this time, she is unsuitable to undergo salpingography. This examination will affect the results of the hysterosalpingogram, and increase the chance of retrograde infections.

3. Those who have infected the reproductive system: During acute or subacute reproductive system infections, it is not recommended to perform salpingography. A hysterosalpingogram is an invasive procedure that may lead to more serious reproductive system infections.

4. Women that can not be excluded from pregnancy: For women that can not be excluded from pregnancy, it is not recommended to undergo salpingography to avoid increasing the chance of abortion.

Apart from contraindications, common hazards of salpingography include producing radiation to the body, damaging the white blood cells and affecting immunity when using X-rays. Moreover, when doing a salpingography examination, it is easy to bring bacteria into the uterus, causing unnecessary infections, thus easily causing pelvic inflammatory disease. Some patients will also appear nausea, vomiting, stomach discomfort, and other symptoms.

So if you have to undergo a hysterosalpingogram, what do you need to pay attention to?

1. You should accept salpingogram within 3-7 days after the end of the menstruation and not have sex after menstruation. A gynecological examination should be carried out before a hysterosalpingogram to prevent vaginal inflammation, acute pelvic inflammation, and other diseases.

2. You should try to relax to avoid the illusion of blocked fallopian tubes due to tubal spasms caused by pain or tension. There is a small amount of vaginal bleeding after hysterosalpingogram, and you can take oral anti-inflammatory drugs to prevent infections. You should avoid sex and baths in a tub within two weeks after the operation;

2.For women who are allergic to iodide oil, an iodide oil hysterosalpingogram cannot be performed. Salpingography can be performed under X-ray or B-ultrasound monitoring. If it is done with an X-ray, it is better to wait two to three months before getting pregnant because of the X-ray radiation. If it is carried out with a B-mode ultrasound, women can prepare for pregnancy in the next month after menstruation.

Salpingography can effectively check the fallopian tubes' patency and the cervix's shape. If a woman has symptoms of infertility, the shape of the uterus can be examined through fallopian tube imaging, and then selective fallopian tube imaging can be performed to clear and treat the condition, which can completely cure this symptom.

Moreover, if women often experience habitual miscarriage, fallopian tube imaging can be used to check for any looseness in the intrauterine opening, and the effectiveness of surgical treatment for blocked fallopian tubes can also be checked through this method.

Traditional Chinese medicine Herbal medicine Fuyan Pill can effectively treat young patients with fallopian tube obstruction. It can eliminate symptoms and increase the chances of natural conception.

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