Recently, ovarian cancer has caused the attention of all parties in the society. In recent years, the age of cancer patients has gradually decreased. It has to be said that staying up late, stress from the working family and long-term depression of the mood lead to endocrine problems, which seriously affect women's health.

The world-renowned CA magazine has published the "2019 American Cancer Data Overview" report. The data shows that among the cancers that women suffer from, the top five cancer deaths in the United States are: lung cancerbreast cancercolorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, Ovarian cancer.

Why does ovarian cancer rank in the top five? The most important reason is that ovarian cancer is not easy to detect early. The ovary is located deeper in the pelvic cavity, relatively hidden, and the onset is hidden, and ovarian cancer usually does not have symptoms of discomfort or only mild non-specific symptoms, such as loss of appetite, abdominal distension, or weight loss. , Often found very late.

High-risk populations of ovarian cancer include middle-aged and older women, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer and other family history, hereditary site-specific ovarian cancer syndrome, hereditary breast cancer ovarian cancer syndrome, hereditary nonpolyposis Women with sexual colorectal cancer syndrome; women with early menarche age, delayed menopause, infertility, infertility; women with long-term use of ovulation-promoting drugs; women with poor dietary habits, such as high-fat diet; women with obesity and overweight

Although ovarian cancer is frightening, it is not an incurable disease. Huang Tao, director of the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery at Wuhan Union Medical College Hospital, once said that if cancer can be detected and treated early, it can achieve very good therapeutic effects and even cure.

The following are some studies on ovarian cancer.

Breastfeeding for more than 1 year reduces the mothers risk of ovarian cancer by over 30%

Professor Penelope Webb, a senior Australian writer and head of the Berghofer Gynecologic Cancer Group at the Queensland Medical Research Institute (QIMR), said breastfeeding can reduce the risk of all ovarian cancers, including the most deadly high-grade serous tumors.

Professor Webb said: "Overall, breastfeeding women have a 24% lower risk of ovarian cancer. Even women who breastfeed for three months or less have a 18% lower risk of ovarian cancer. Mothers who breastfeed their children for more than 12 months have a 34% lower risk of illness. Importantly, the benefits of breastfeeding last at least 30 years after women stop breastfeeding. "

The international study was conducted by researchers from the Ovarian Cancer Association, who studied data from 9,973 ovarian cancer patients and 13,843 control women from all over the world.

She said: "Some studies in the past have shown that breastfeeding can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, but there are also studies that have no connection between the two. Therefore, we hope to clarify this relationship through a larger study. This The results of a study show the link between breastfeeding and reducing the incidence of ovarian cancer and strengthen the World Health Organization ’s recommendation that mothers should only breastfeed for at least six months. If they can continue to do so, they can continue to feed two More than one year. "The results of this study have been published in the journal" JAMA Oncology "on April 2, 2020.

Birth control pills can reduce the risk of fatal ovarian cancer

Researchers at the Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Buffalo in New York analyzed data from 579 patients who were diagnosed with ovarian cancer12 Passed away within a month, and compared it with the data of nearly 2300 women in the control group who did not have ovarian cancer. The study found that after adjusting for factors such as age and female fertility, the use of any contraceptives can reduce the risk of death within one year after diagnosis of ovarian cancer.

"The longer the history of oral contraceptive use, the lower the chance of dying from malignant ovarian cancer, and the stronger the protective effect we have observed." Jennifer, the first author of the study and a cancer epidemiology researcher at the University of Buffalo Mongiovi said. "We found that every five years of using contraceptives, the risk of high-fatal diseases will be reduced by 32%, while all other ovarian cancers reported by other researchers have fallen by 13%."

The results of the study were published at the American Cancer Research Association meeting on April 3, 2019, and the research presented at the meeting was considered preliminary.

Taking low-dose aspirin may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer

In a new study, researchers from Harvard Chen Zengxi School of Public Health, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and Murphyt Cancer Research Center analyzed as Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) and Nursing Health Research II ( Nurses' Health Study II) is part of the data of 205,498 women. Among these women, 1054 have ovarian cancer.

They studied these women taking standard-dose aspirin, low-dose aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) other than aspirin, acetaminophen, and tablets Information on quantity, frequency of use, duration of use and duration of medication. These results show that the recent low-dose aspirin is associated with a lower risk of ovarian cancer, while the standard dose of aspirin (325 mg) does not have this correlation.

However, these researchers did not observe that the longer the duration of taking low-dose aspirin, the lower the risk of ovarian cancer. This analysis also suggests that taking at least 10 tablets of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs other than aspirin, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, may be associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer for many years.

Related research results were published online in the journal JAMA Oncology on October 4, 2018. The paper titled "Association of Analgesic Use With Risk of Ovarian Cancer in the Nurses’ Health Studies. "

In addition, as an ordinary woman, it is recommended that you should be able to do a gynecological examination once a year, including in the physical health check, and strive to find early, which has a positive significance for preventing cervical cancer and ovarian cancer. Of course, the following measures can be taken to prevent cancer:

Maintain a healthy diet

Excessive intake of high-sugar and high-fat foods, frequent drinking, etc. will cause women to store too much fat, these fats will stimulate estrogen secretion, and the accumulation of a large amount of estrogen will increase the incidence of cancer. In short, eat more vegetables, eat more fish, eat less barbecue and drink less alcohol.

Do not stay up all night

Danish scientists have found that women who work night shifts are more likely to develop cancer, and the longer they work night shifts, the greater the risk of cancer. This is because artificial light suppresses the secretion of melatonin in the body (this hormone is only produced in the dark night), and the decrease in melatonin levels will promote the secretion of estrogen (also estrogen). So if you want to stay away from cancer, the easiest way is not to stay up late and sleep well every night with a "beauty sensation" that also has health benefits.

Reduce kitchen fumes and smoke

Should stay away from tobacco. Active smoking and second-hand smoking can induce lung cancer; reduce kitchen fumes pollution, use less frying and barbecue cooking methods, change to stew cooking, etc., pay attention to the use of range hoods; reduce housing decoration pollution, use less benzene, Decoration materials for carcinogens such as formaldehyde, etc .; avoid "cancer personality", as little as possible and less paranoid.

Author's Bio: 

Rosie Liu works as an editor in CUSABIO, a biotech company. She likes to write articles about biology and health. It is necessary to know more information of the two aspects so that we can live our life in a right way.