The liver is an important organ, and we should take good care of it. It performs several essential functions, and without a liver, life is not sustainable. There are various tips that you can follow to keep your liver healthy and fit. It is important to note that untreated liver diseases may progress to cause liver failure. The ultimate treatment for liver failure is a liver transplant, which is a costly and complex procedure.

Tips To Keep Your Liver Healthy
Your doctor may recommend certain tips that help in preventing liver diseases. These tips are important for people who are at high risk of developing liver diseases. Some of the tips for preventing liver disease are as follows:

Managing body weight: If you are obese or overweight, you are at high risk of developing liver disease. Aim for a normal Body Mass Index (BMI), which is between 18.5 to 22.9. People who have central obesity are at high risk of developing fatty liver disease. Manage your weight through exercise and diet.

Exercise: Exercise helps your body to remain fit. It reduces the stress on the liver and helps to reduce the triglycerides in the body. Exercise also helps in managing obesity and overweight, which are the risk factors for fatty liver disease.

Healthy diet: Maintain a healthy diet. Incorporate fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. Avoid sugars and refined carbohydrates in your diet. Limit the intake of high-calorie foods, and do not forget to incorporate sufficient fibers in your diet.

Quit smoking: Smoking is harmful to various organs, including the liver. Smoking interferes with the antioxidant system of the body resulting in excess free radicals. Smoking also increases the risk of cirrhosis, hepatitis infection, and some types of liver cancer.

Limit alcohol consumption: Drinking excess alcohol results in various liver diseases. These diseases may progress to cause serious complications and even death. Prolong drinking of high-quantity alcohol increases the risk of fatty liver disease and cirrhosis.

Avoid self-medication: You should not take any medications without the consultation of a doctor. Certain medications, such as paracetamol, increases the risk of liver disease and may cause liver failure. Always provide complete information about your medical history, including liver disease, during a doctor visit.

Supplements: Avoid taking any supplements, including alternative treatment, without a doctor’s consultation. These may seriously damage the liver and reduce its functioning.

Protect yourself from diseases: You should protect yourself from various liver diseases. Get a vaccination for hepatitis B. Do not use other personal stuff such as blades or towels. Do not indulge in sexual practices without precautions.

Avid use of illicit drugs: Do not use illicit drugs. Illicit drugs, as such, harm your body. Further, while using illicit drugs, there is a high risk of using contaminated needles. This will increase the risk of hepatitis infection.

Consult your doctor: If you have any symptoms which indicate liver disease, immediately consult with a doctor. Untreated liver disease may cause serious complications, including liver failure. You should also follow all the instructions from your doctor.

Maintain hygiene: You should maintain proper hygiene to avoid any infection. Wash your hands before eating, after using the washroom, or after changing the diaper.

Avoid exposure to toxins: Exposure to various toxins, such as vinyl chloride or aflatoxins, increases the risk of liver diseases. Thus, avoid exposure to toxins.

Various tips help to reduce the risk of liver diseases. Avoid smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, getting a vaccination for hepatitis, maintains hygiene, consulting a doctor, exercise, managing weight, and a healthy diet reduce the risk of liver disease.

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Author's Bio: 

Dr. Shailendra Lalwani
HOD & Senior Surgeon -
Liver Transplantation And Hepato-Pancraetic Biliary Surgery

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