What Is Schizoaffective Disorder (Sad)?

Schizoaffective Disorder Is A Chronic Psychiatric Disorder Which Is An Amalgamation Of Two Separate Disorders I.E. Schizophrenia And Mood Disorder. Schizophrenia Is Characterized By Delusions And Hallucinations Which Strikes Between 16 And 30 Of Age Affecting 1% Of The Population. Whereas Mood Disorder Is Symbolized By Unexpected Change In Mood Periodically Which Affects 1-2% Of General Population. According To the National Institute Of Mental Health And Diagnostic & Statistical Manual (Dsm) Of Mental Disorders (5th Edition), Schizoaffective Disorder Affects 1% Of The Total Population.

Types Of Schizoaffective Disorder

Bipolar Type

Bipolar Disorder Includes Manic Episodes Which Is Characterized By Racing Thoughts, Euphoria, Excessively Good Mood, Risky Behavior (High Sex Drive And Aggression) And Impatient.

Depressive Type

In Depression Affected Person Experiences Diligent Sad Mood, Anxiety, Low Energy Level, Suicidal Thoughts And Sleeping Disorders.

Schizoaffective Disorder

What Are The Signs And Symptoms?

Signs And Symptoms Of Schizoaffective Disorder May Vary From Individual To Individual.

Some Of The Major Symptoms Are As Follows-

  1. Delusions
  2. Lack Of Motivation
  3. Paranoid Thoughts
  4. Disorganized Thoughts Or Thinking
  5. Catatonic Behavior (Inability To Walk Normally) Or Grossly Disorganized.
  6. Suicidal Thoughts
  7. Sleeping Disorders
  8. Sudden Change In Appetite
  9. Problem In Managing Personal Care I.E. Poor Hygiene, Cleanliness, Physical Appearance.
  10. Hyperactive Behavior
  11. Antisocial Behavior
  12. Lack Of Concentration
  13. Impaired Functioning I.E. Academic And Social

Causes Of Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective Disorder Is Considered As The Most Misdiagnosed Psychiatric Disorder In The History Of Clinical Practices.

Some Of The Causes Of This Disorder Are Discussed As Follows-

1.Genetic Inheritance

Schizoaffective Disorder Has The Tendency To Run In Families According To The Medical Surveys There Is More Than 5% Of Probability Of Child Getting Affected If One Of The Parent Is Diagnosed With Schizoaffective Disorder.

2.Chemical Imbalance In Brain

Imbalance Of Dopamine And Serotonin Which Are The Neurotransmitters That Triggers The Onset Of This Disorder.

3.Environmental Factors And Stress

Stressful Events In Life Which Includes Abuse, Feeling Of Loneliness, Financial Problems, Death Of Someone Close Or Traumatic Loss Can Lead To Severe Psychiatric Disorders.

4.Drug-Induced Schizophrenia

Consuming Drugs Such As Marijuana Or Lsd Are Considered To Induce Schizophrenia Symptoms And Triggers The Dopamine And Serotonin Production Which Directly Or Indirectly Causes The Onset Of Schizoaffective Disorder.

5.Childhood Trauma

It Is Believed That If A Child Experiences Emotional Distress He/She May Develop Bipolar Disorder. These Experiences Includes Sexual Or Physical Abuse And Traumatic Events Such As Death Or Losing Someone Or Have Faced Rejections Or Neglecting Behavior.

What Are The Possible Complications?

Complications In Schizoaffective Disorder May Include Following Signs-

  1. Drug Addiction And Abuse
  2. Suicidal Thoughts And Behavior
  3. Maniac Behavior
  4. Difficulty In Following Medication Schedule/Regimen

Clinical Diagnosis Of Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective Disorder Is Difficult To Diagnose Clinically Due To Its Interdisciplinary Nature.

Some Of The Diagnostic Tests Are Given Below

  • Complete Blood Count(Cbc)
  • Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Level(Tsh) Level
  • Rapid Plasma Reagent
  • Urinalysis
  • Urine Drug Screening Test
  • Hiv Test
  • Lipid Panel
  • Brain Mri, Eeg Or Ct Scanning

Natural Treatment Of Schizoaffective Disorder By Planet Ayurveda

Ayurveda And Mental Health

In Ayurveda, Which Is Considered As The Most Ancient Medical System That Includes Regulation Of Lifestyle, Diet And Natural Medicines With No Side Effects. According To Ayurveda, Human Body Is A Constitution Of Manas (Mind), Sarira (Body), Atma (Soul) And Indriya (Senses). The Equilibrium Between The Constituents Controls The Mental And Physical Health Of The Individual. Moreover, Manas Comprised Of Three Functional Qualities I.E. Satva, Rajasand And Tamas, Collectively Known As Gunas. Imbalance In The Gunas Are Believed To Be Responsible For Mental Illness And Disorders Which Is Also Known As Manovikara. Ayurvedic Herbs And Treatment Eliminates The Ailment From The Root And Not Just Suppresses The Symptoms.

Ayurvedic Treatment (Chikitsa)

1.Gotukola Capsules

Centella Asiatica Which Is Commonly Known As Wild Violet, Indian Pennywort, Indian Water Navelwort, Tiger Herb And Gotukola Is A Tropical Plant Belongs To Apiaceae Family. Planet Ayurveda Has Formulated These Capsules Using Excellent Quality Gotukola And Are 100% Pure. Gotukola Is Considered As An Important Traditional Ayurvedic Plant Due To Its Neuroprotective Activity And Its Phytochemical Constitution. This Plant Possess The Goodness Of Triterpenes Saponoisdes And Madecassic Acids Which Positively Effects The Brains Aging.

Other Benefits Of Gotukola Are As Follows-

  • Helps Reducing Anxiety And Stress
  • Acts As An Antidepressant
  • Ease Insomnia
  • Skin Diseases
  • Improves Memory

Dosage - 1-2 Capsules Two Times A Day With Plain Water After Meals Or As Per The Instructions Given By Doctor.

2.Brahmi Capsules

Bacopa Monnieri Which Is Commonly Known As Brahmi And Is A Tremendous Ayurvedic Herb Which Is Known To Treat Uncountable Diseases For Centuries. These Capsules Are Formulated Under Proper Guidance And Are 100% Vegetarian.

Major Therapeutic Properties Of Brahmi Are As Follows-

  • Reduces Stress And Anxiety By Lowering The Secretion Of Cortisol (Stress Hormone).
  • Richness Of Anti-Oxidant Compounds Helps In Strengthening Immune System.
  • Effective In Boosting Brain Strength And Memory.

Dosage- 1-2 Capsules Twice A Day With Plain Water After Meals.

3.Ashwagandha Capsules

Withania Somnifera Which Is Commonly Known As Ashwagandha Which Is Medicinal Plant Which Is Being Used In Ayurvedic Medicines From More Than 1000 Years Possessing Anti-Stress, Anti-Oxidants And Anti-Inflammatory Properties. These Capsules Are Formulated Using Pure Extracts Of Ashwagandha Which Are 100% Pure, Vegetarian And Free From Chemicals & Preservatives.

Major Medicinal Beneficiaries Are As Follows

  • Reduces Stress And Anxiety
  • Reduces Symptoms Of Depression
  • Acts As An Nerve-Tonic
  • Helps In Soothing Nerves

Dosage- One Capsule Twice A Day With Plain Water After Meals.

4.Medhya Churna

Medhya Churna Is An Herbal Supplement Is Formulated By Using Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera), Ajmoda (Apium Graveolens), Shwet Jeerak (Cuminum Cyminum), Krishna Jeerak (Carum Carvi), South (Zingiber Officinale), Marich (Piper Nigrum), Pipali (Piper Longum), Patha (Cissampelos Pareira), Shankpushpi (Convolvulus Pluricaulis) And Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri). These Ayurvedic Herbs Have Been Used Due To Their Miraculous Therapeutic Properties.

Some Of The Medicinal Uses Are As Follows

  • Improves Concentration And Memory
  • Fatigue
  • Mental Illness
  • Epilepsy

Dosage- Half Spoon Daily With Plain Water After The Meals.

Author's Bio: 

Dr. Vikram Chauhan, MD – AYURVEDA is an expert Ayurvedic practitioner based in Chandigarh, India and doing his practice in Mohali, India. He is spreading the knowledge of Ayurveda Ancient healing treatment, not only in India but also abroad. He is the CEO and Founder of Planet Ayurveda Products, Planet Ayurveda Clinic, and Krishna Herbal Company.