Diabetes treatment for those suffering from type 2 diabetes focuses on improving the habits and lifestyle of the patient and may include medication and insulin therapy in severe cases. Diabetes treatment also invariably includes a more active lifestyle with at least a one-hour-a-day exercise.

Type 2 Diabetes Triggers

Type 2 diabetes is a condition where the body becomes resistant to insulin due to damage in the insulin receptor cells. There may be various medical causes for the damage to the cells, but generally speaking, Type 2 diabetes is often considered a lifestyle disease. People following a less active lifestyle combined with diets high in saturated fats and trans-fatty acids with little or no fiber intake are at a higher risk for Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes treatment

Type 2 diabetes treatment stresses on healthy eating and regular exercise to control weight. The reason is because more than 55% of people with Type 2 diabetes are obese. Healthy eating involves a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low in fats and calories. Diabetes treatment for Type 2 may also make use of certain medications as well as insulin therapy depending on the patient's needs. When we talk of medication for diabetes treatment, it could mean taking drugs to slow down the movement of food in the stomach to avoid a spike in blood sugar levels.

Diabetes treatment includes daily monitoring

Blood glucose monitoring is another important aspect of Type 2 diabetes treatment. Since diabetes treatment focuses on maintaining the ideal blood sugar levels, it becomes essential to monitor it on a daily basis. This is done with the help of a device known as a glucometer. This procedure that forms a part of the patient's diabetes treatment plan involves pricking the finger with a lancet to extract a small drop of blood that is placed on a testing strip. The testing strip is inserted into the glucometer which gives a reading in about 30 seconds. Your doctor or health care practitioner in charge of your diabetes treatment plan will help you set up a regular glucose monitoring schedule to be followed.

Hygiene and attention to yourself as part of the Diabetes treatment

Self care is important in your diabetes treatment plan. Diabetics usually suffer from foot problems due to lack of proper blood circulation and nerve damage leading to an inability to fight infections. As part of diabetes treatment plan it is essential that diabetics take proper care of their feet to avoid further complications. Make checking your feet for sores and cuts a routine part of your diabetes treatment plan so that problems do not go unnoticed. Wear comfortable shoes and soften dry skin with lotion or petroleum jelly. Diabetics can also suffer from problems relating to the teeth, gums and eyes. Hence, diabetes treatment should involve scheduled visits to the dentist and ophthalmologist at least once a year.

Diabetes treatment without insulin

Some people with Type 2 diabetes are able to manage their blood glucose levels with a healthy diet and regular exercise, thus avoiding the conventional diabetes treatment. However, there are others who are not so fortunate and may require diabetes treatment involving insulin therapy. Depending upon the patient's requirement, doctors may prescribe rapid action insulin and long-acting insulin. Insulin can either be injected with a needle and syringe or with an insulin pen. The other option is an insulin pump. The patient can choose the method of insulin therapy for diabetes treatment depending on his convenience.

The significance of self care, healthy diet and regular exercise cannot be stressed enough in type 2 diabetes treatment. These are lifestyle changes that the individual must take seriously for successful diabetes treatment.

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