Pediatric surgeries are performed for a variety of disease. The earliest and common cause of pediatric surgeries is congenital health problems. Some of these problems can be surgically operated after a specific age growth because the structure of babies is very sensitive. This also forms the cause for operating the child at a very young age so that its body can develop properly. For instance, many children are bound with cleft lips, it also is a prominent case in the common congenital health problems.

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation develops in the baby during the period of gestation. In this condition, the progression of lungs is not normal either due to poor development or cause of abnormal lung tissue. To avoid any major complications in the newborn babies, doctors keep the expecting mothers under close monitoring. If the newborn baby is doing diagnosed with congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation through ultrasound, then doctors surgically remove the abnormal tissue through a paediatric surgery.

Like the abnormal development of lungs during congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, the condition of oesophagal tracheoesophageal fistula is observed in the children when the structure of the trachea and oesophagus is not normal or in the other case, the connection between the trachea and oesophagus is not formed properly. Paediatricians focus on reconnecting the trachea and oesophagus through surgical treatment and apparently to close the opening of fistula as soon as the baby is delivered.

Cancer can be caused in various age groups and even children are not safe from its impact. The spread of cancerous cell in the liver can cause hepatoblastoma, for such cases, doctors perform paediatric surgery by removing the infected part of the liver. On the similar lines, if cancer originates and spreads in the abdominal region in close vicinity around the kidney (this condition is medically termed as neuroblastoma), the cancerous portion of the infected abdomen is surgically removed. Unlike the above two mentioned paediatric surgeries for treatment of cancer namely, hepatoblastoma and neuroblastoma, in the case of Wilms’ tumour, cancer in kidneys, the doctors can both partially or completely remove the kidneys.

The gastrointestinal issues can also be observed in children. In the condition of gastroschisis, an abnormal opening develops in the abdomen the baby due to congenital reasons. Gastroschisis results into protrusion of stomach or intestines out the abdomen of the baby. Since this condition is related to congenital issues, doctors keep a strict observation over the expecting mothers. In case, gastroschisis is diagnosed and the child is born with this condition, then doctors perform paediatric surgery to maintain back the position of the stomach and/or intestines back into the stomach of the baby and likewise the abnormal opening in the baby's abdomen is closed. In another gastrointestinal problem, that is gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), an acid reflux is created in the baby's body which leads to movement of digestive elements into the oesophagus. For treatment of gastroesophageal reflux, the paediatricians limit the area at the oesophagus' end so that the acid reflux can be stopped plus, the food can travel normally through the oesophagus into the stomach.

Usually, people associate the issue of a hernia with age factor in older people but a hernia can impact the male children too because a hernia, in this case, is caused by an unwanted opening in the groin which allows the movement of fluid and intestines. For treating a hernia in children, paediatricians close the hole in the groin and the herniated tissue is rectified to its required position. In fact, the hernia is one of the most common paediatric surgery.

Necrotizing enterocolitis is a condition which is usually observed in premature babies. In the condition of necrotising enterocolitis, the gastrointestinal system is severely damaged and bowel system particularly suffers a lot. Necrotising enterocolitis' cause can be pointed to infection and inflammation and its underlying reason is assessed by a detailed diagnostic procedure which usually includes X-ray.

Paediatric surgeries are provided by experts who can effectively treat children. Paediatric surgeries are counted as the proper course of treatment and are specifically performed which involves a detailed diagnosis, carried forward by surgery and then followed up with a proper rehabilitation program. The success rates of pediatric surgeries are based upon a number of factors including the experience and qualification of the paediatrician. In addition to that, the availability of advanced medical equipment also plays a significant role in determining the success rates of pediatric surgeries because many of these processes involve high-end precision and the finest deftness. The type of paediatric surgery to be performed is determined by the medical condition, its cause, and general well-being of the children.

Author's Bio: 

The realm of medical treatment in India has reached new heights. The world-class medical services and dynamic professionalism is the backbone of India's flourishing medical department. The types of medical treatments available for all age groups and the maintenance of utmost quality standards is what makes it a preferred place for treatment all over the world. Everyone is aware of the general medical treatments which are available in the country but in this article, we have focused on the types of pediatric surgeries which are commonly performed. All over India, many states have up to the mark medical institutions. The Best Paediatric Treatment Hospital in Jaipur is regarded not only as the finest example of paediatric surgery in Rajasthan but around the entire country. This medical institution exhibits the team of highly qualified professionals who have gained on-hands experience of several years. The coming article is based on the types of paediatric surgeries which are available in India and their cause and likewise treatments.