Most of the time, sinusitis is brought about by bacteria trapped inside the sinuses, starting an infection. Symptoms such as headaches, facial pain, nasal congestion, post-nasal drip, and constant sneezing begin to emerge. At this point, it is highly advisable for the patient to consult a doctor who can prescribe appropriate sinus medication to treat the infection. If ignored and left untreated, the condition could worsen and lead to serious complications.

When you are diagnosed with bacterial sinusitis, you will surely be prescribed with antibiotics, as any infection caused by bacteria is treated with these drugs. This is because antibiotics have the power to kill bacteria or prevent them from multiplying. Here are some more information that you need to know about antibiotics and their proper uses.

Antibiotics: Types and Classes
Antibiotics are classified into types as either narrow-spectrum and broad-spectrum. Narrow-spectrum antibiotics work only on a few types of bacteria. This type of sinus medication is usually prescribed because of its lower cost. If the condition does not improve, broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed instead. Broad-spectrum antibiotics work on more types of bacteria, but its use has a higher possibility of developing antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotics are also categorized into 4 classes:

1. Penicillin is a narrow-spectrum antibiotic that works by interfering with the cell wall building function of bacteria. An example of this sinus medication is Amoxicillin, commonly prescribed for any type of infection.

2. Cephalosporins are commonly prescribed for those people allergic to penicillin. This broad-spectrum antibiotic destroys bacteria by hindering its cell wall synthesis. Ceftibuten dehydrate is a cephalosporins prescribed for sinusitis.

3. Macrolides, also narrow-spectrum, do not directly kill the bacteria, but instead stop them from multiplying. These drugs halt the ability of bacteria to make new proteins, allowing the body to recuperate and develop antibodies to fight and eliminate bacteria. Popular examples are erythromycin and clarithromycin.

4. Fluoroquinolones, newest class of broad-spectrum antibiotics, work by preventing the bacteria from replicating. Use of this class of antibiotic should be done with care as it could cause serious side effects. Moxiflaxin is the preferred antibiotic for sinus infection.

Guidelines on Use of Antibiotics
As with any other drugs, extra care should be observed when taking any antibiotics. This is because this sinus medication can have serious side effects to the body, such as:
- Respiratory problems like bronchitis
- Lower digestive problems like diarrhea or constipation
- Upper digestive problems like gastro-esophageal influx
- Risk of developing yeast and fungal infection
- Allergic reaction such as rashes
- Headaches and nausea
- Resistance to antibiotics

When you see yourself manifesting early signs of sinusitis, consult a doctor immediately for proper diagnosis. Be honest about your condition and ask about your treatment options. Also, don’t forget to mention any allergies to drugs or ask about possible side effects. Never self-medicate with antibiotics, not only because of the possible danger, but also because antibiotics would not work on allergic and fungal sinusitis. When prescribed with sinus medication, make sure to take them religiously - on-time and in the right dosage. Monitor yourself for any changes and report back to your doctor if no improvement is felt after a few days.

Author's Bio: 

For more information, visit