Sinus Savers
Treatment of sinus infections often requires more than one medication:
* Decongestants act by constricting the blood vessels in the sinus cavities to relieve the congestion and also to decrease the mucus production.

* Corticosteroids complement the benefits of decongestants by effectively acting against the inflamed sinus and nasal mucous linings.

* Anti-microbials, like antibiotics and/or anti-fungals, kill the bacteria and/or fungi to prevent their further proliferation and invasion.

Why Can’t I Just Take It By Mouth?
Like in most cases, the most common route for administering sinus medications would be through the mouth (orally). Unfortunately, oral administration isn’t for everyone. There are a whole lot of reasons for it, depending on a particular patient’s case. For instance, someone who’s just got out from a throat surgery can’t possibly swallow. In cases of sinus infections however, even if there is a sort of discomfort that may be felt, taking a pill by mouth shouldn’t be too difficult. So why consider an alternative route? You see, any pill you take by mouth needs to be broken down to its active ingredients before it can be absorbed into the bloodstream and exert its intended effects. Also, generally, because the medications are absorbed in the blood, it does not act upon a specific body part only, but it works systemically. Systemic effects are important considerations for people with specific conditions. For example, most decongestants work by causing constriction of the blood vessels. While vasoconstriction on the inflamed vessels of your nose could make you feel less congested, the rest of your blood vessels are momentarily constricted as well. This is not something to worry about for most people, unless you are already hypertensive. Even a momentary vasoconstriction can cause a potentially dangerous elevation in the blood pressure. Patients with kidney and liver dysfunctions should also be extra cautious in taking oral medications. The medications’ by-products, sometimes called metabolites, are normally excreted through the kidneys or liver. However, among people with diseased kidneys or liver, these toxic by-products may accumulate and do more harm.

The Alternative
To avoid these complications, you may want to talk to your health provider about sinus medication topical therapy. Topical means to apply locally or in a particular place. Topical medications are actually common - ranging from lotions to creams and gels, etc.

You might have seen an asthmatic inhaling the vapor coming out from a nebulizer. Nebulization is another form of topical administration. Here, the medication is prepared as a liquid which the nebulizer converts to mist particles that are inhaled and then directly absorbed into the nasal and respiratory membranes.

Still another form of topical administration is through irrigation. Irrigation is the process by which a liquid solution is allowed to flow through a particular body part to facilitate cleansing or washing out of debris or foreign material.

The good news is that, nebulized therapy and medicated irrigation can now be used as sinus medication topical therapy. Sinus Dynamics is one of the leading compounding pharmacies that specialize in these types of topical medications for sinus infections. They manufacture a complete line of sinus medications suitable for nebulization and/or irrigation. They also have products like ActiveSinus, a medical irrigator and SinusAero, a nebulizer.

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