A Heart transplant is one of the riskiest and complicated medical procedure that involves the replacement of defected heart with the healthy heart coming from a deceased Donor transplant in India has gained a lot of momentum lately due to the development of new scientific Technologies. Heart surgery in India is comparatively cheaper than other foreign countries.t transplant is a relatively newer concept and is offered by all the leading heart hospitals in India. Since the surgery is very complicated a lot of things have to be kept in mind before performing it. The availability of an eligible donor is one of the greatest problem faced by the patient. Also, the procedure is to be performed very carefully as any carelessness can cost the patient's life. A number of screening and tests are to be conducted to check whether the patient is eligible to undergo the procedure. Patient suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes or anaemia are usually not considered eligible for a heart transplant. Before opting for the transplant make sure you consult a specialist and discuss your condition and medical history with him.

The heart is the most essential organ of the human body and is a part of the circulatory system. The heart pumps blood to various different organs of the body via a network of blood channels. It functions 24 hours a day without taking any rest to ensure that oxygenated blood reaches all the organs and the deoxygenated blood is carried back to the lungs. The heart also regulates various different metabolic activities taking place in our body. The proper functioning of the heart is extremely important for our survival. However, the heart is a very sensitive organ and is vulnerable to various chronic ailments that can pose a serious threat to our life.

Heart problems can be congenital, hereditary or acquired later in life. Congenital heart diseases are those present since birth and are caused due to deformity in the structure of heart during the developmental stage inside the mother's womb. One of the most common congenital diseases is a hole in the heart of the child. Genetic heart diseases are those which run down in the family. These can be passed down from the parents or the grandparents to the children and do not necessarily show their traces at the time of birth and may develop at any stage of life. Acquired heart diseases, as the name suggests, are those acquired by the patient due to unhealthy and stagnant lifestyle practices. Heart diseases have become very common nowadays have and have been the reason of concern for both the doctors as well as the general people. In fact, cardiovascular diseases are the major cause of death nowadays as per a medical report.

Acute diseases can be easily treated with the help of medication and non-invasive procedures. However, any delay in the treatment of such diseases can lead to the deterioration of the patient condition and rise of more complications. Conditions like an Arctic stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, carotid stenosis etc have become widespread owing majorly to obesity and health conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. These problems can be treated surgically. The doctor me either opt for an open heart surgery or minimally invasive procedure like transcatheter aortic valve implantation. However, if the problem is left untreated it can lead to serious repercussions like heart attack, stroke, heart failure or even death. Heart failure is one of the deadliest medical conditions that can only be treated with a heart transplant.

Although a heart transplant can help to save the life of a patient, however, there are various risks associated with it as well. Doctors usually tend to opt for the transplant only when all other methods of treatment fail to work. Heart failure may be triggered by a number of reasons that include a coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, any valvular heart disease, congenital heart problem and failure of the previous transplant. It should be noted that not everybody is eligible to undergo a heart transplant and as such a number of screenings and tests are to be conducted to determine whether you should go for the surgery or not. Sometimes instead of helping the patient, the surgery might put his life at a greater risk. It is very important to consult a specialist in the field for taking expert advice.

People above the age of 65 are not considered to be good candidates for heart transplant surgery. Also, the surgery is accompanied by the risk of rejection of the new heart by the patient's body. As such the patient has to take anti-rejection medicines throughout his life. Rejection most likely occurs within a few months of the transplant. The patient experience shortness of breath, palpitation, fever, unexplained weight gain, change in the colour of urine, weakness, fatigue etc.

Since the surgery involves the traditional open heart technique, hence there are very high chances of infection. Immunosuppressants decrease your resistance to various infections and also increase your vulnerability to develop cancer. This is the reason why many heart patients have to remain admitted in the hospital for as long as a air to avoid any chances of infection. The anti-rejection medicines taken after the surgery may trigger allergic reactions in some people and pose a serious threat to their life.

Hence a lot of things have to be kept in mind before opting for a heart transplant. It is advisable not to risk your life and visit a reputed hospital for a Heart transplant in India. Even after the transplant, a number of things have to be kept in mind to avoid any complications in future. The patient may have to take anti-rejection medicines throughout his life and refrain from doing certain activities as well. Major changes are to be made in the diet chart of the patient, including more greens and eliminating unhealthy fats. The patient has to follow a Healthy lifestyle and indulge in mild physical activities. Routine follow-ups with the doctor are essential to ensure that there is no complication and that the surgery is a success. Most of the complications faced during the surgery can be easily avoided if proper screenings and test are done before conducting the surgery. These help the doctor to determine the various complications that might arise during the surgery and they can prepare beforehand to deal with these.

Author's Bio: 

Rahul Tyagi is a freelance content writer & blogger based in the India and he has been in this writing profession for the last 4 years. I keep on writing health-related topics and publish it.