Did you know that arthritis is described in more than 100 conditions and diseases that affect the bodyís joints and surrounding bones? While there are several types of arthritis pain, the most common symptoms will include continued pain in joints as well as some swelling. If you feel that you could be suffering from arthritis you should contact your doctor for proper diagnosis, remedies, and treatment options. Below you will find a brief overview of the most commonly diagnosed arthritis types.

Osteoarthritis

The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis. This is the occurrence of reduced cartilage covering the end of the bones as they join together. As the cartilage begins to wear away, the bones no longer have the protection that they need to avoid rubbing up against each other. When this happens, the common symptom of arthritis including pain and swelling will begin. Osteoarthritis can happen in any joint in the body however, will most often affect the hands, and joints where weight bears down such as the knee, hip, and spinal joints. This is a very common type of arthritis however, this typically is only diagnosed as a result of aging or overuse which is why some medical professionals refer to it as the degenerative joint disease.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Next on the list of common types of arthritis is Rheumatoid arthritis. This disease is known to last for a long time and can affect joints on any part of the body with the exception of the spinal joints. The disease like most forms of arthritis will affects commonly the hands, wrists, and knees. When rheumatoid arthritis is suspected this typically means that the immune system which acts as a defense mechanism for the body has started to attack itself and as a result will cause joint linings to swell. Inflammation can begin to spread to surrounding tissues and over time can damage the bone and cartilage. For those with more severe cases, rheumatoid arthritis can also begin to affect other areas of the body including the eyes, lungs, nerves, and skin.

Gout

When the body is no longer able to eliminate a natural substance known as uric acid gout can develop and be very painful. The excess uric acid in the body begins to form needle-like crystals in the joints that can cause severe pain as well as a lot of swelling. Gout commonly affects the big toe, knee, or wrist.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Similar to rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis is a condition that is also described as being painful due to the swelling of the joints. It is generally associated with gray discoloration of the skin also known as psoriasis. Over time patients will see abnormalities in the nails and increased complications with the skin.

Lupus

Not many people are aware of the fact that lupus is also a form of arthritis. It is categorized as an autoimmune disease that occurs when the immune system begins to attack its own tissues. As a result it causes inflammation, swelling, pain, and damage to the joints and bones.

Now remember these are just a few of the most common types of arthritis. With more than 100 variations out there, it is always best to have your doctor evaluate you to determine exactly what type you have and what your treatment options are.

What Is a Good Treatment for Arthritis?

Whether you've developed arthritis as a result of old age or due to a previous injury on the job there are methods that can help to ease the pain that you're feeling. Allowing joint pain and swelling to continue could easily prevent you from carrying out your day to day tasks. While below you will find some great combinations of both medically involved and home remedy solutions it is always advised that you first meet with your doctor to determine whether or not this is something you should try.

Methods for Protecting Your Joints

Some of the most common methods of treating arthritis have nothing at all to do with taking medication. Things such as keeping a healthy body weight, exercising on the routine bases, and using certain assistance apparatuses to get around could help ease your symptoms. If you are overweight, creating a strategy to lose weight could help relieve the stress on the joints. Those who have gout should avoid things such as alcohol and foods that are high in purines such as liver and kidneys, dried beans, mushrooms, and sardines.

While exercising might seem like the last thing on earth you want to do when you're experiencing joint pain, it has become the remedy for most patients suffering from arthritis. Aerobic strength training as well as certain strengthening exercises can be very helpful. Before starting an exercise routine it is best to go over it with your doctor to ensure that the moves are safe. While you may not see results right away, losing even as little as 5 pounds can greatly affect the way your body feels.

Medications

Your doctor might also prescribe medications for you that could include pain pills, anti inflammatory medications, antidepressants, corticosteroids, and more depending upon the type of arthritis you have and other factors such as your preexisting medical conditions.

Surgery

For those patients that are suffering from severe pain and damage that far exceeds help from medication or lifestyle changes, your doctor might advise surgery as your solution. Surgeries are conducted to either improve the alignment of your joints or to replace the joints with new ones.

Certain surgeries might include arthroscopy, joint replacement, joint fusion or osteotomy. As you are fully aware surgeries can have adverse effects on a patient which is why it is not recommended for those who have not first tried lifestyle changes and medication combinations.

In closing there are various options for those looking to find relief from arthritis pains and complications. If you believe that you are suffering from arthritis it is highly recommended that you get to a doctor. They will properly diagnose you with the type of arthritis as well as provide you with several options you could take to relieving the pain that you might be feeling.

You should never start or stop medications for arthritis without first talking with your doctor so that you fully understand how it will affect you. If you feel that your doctor is not providing you with remedies that help your condition get a second opinion but never try to self diagnose or treat without medical consent.

Author's Bio: 

Author is a software developer, penetration tester, cyber security researcher and part time blogger. You can visit to his blog "Blogging Hub"