The narrowing of the aortic valve is termed as aortic valve stenosis. Basically, the condition of aortic valve stenosis is caused when its cusps (flaps) do not respond properly and their opening and closing is not coordinated which builds excessive pressure on the heart to perform, leading to symptoms of chest pain, abnormal heart sounds which gives an effect of heart murmur when heard through a stethoscope, state of dizziness, weakness, unexplained shortness of breath and heart palpitations. In the case of children shops who suffer from aortic valve stenosis, they do not gain weight and their appetite is not healthy. In the most serious cases, aortic valve stenosis can result in heart failure.

The causes of a stenotic aortic valve can be resultant from congenital factors or medical conditions. In the case of a family history of congenital heart defects, the patient can be born with a defected aortic valve which is unicuspid, bicuspid or quadricuspid. The build-up of calcium can also narrow down the aortic valve. Since calcium is a regular component of blood its increase causes aortic valve calcification. It is not a matter of concern in the normal case and its occurrence in young age is rare but if the person has a congenital heart defect of irregular cusps, the condition can cast unhealthy manifestations and medical attention is important. The side effect of rheumatic fever can lead to scarring of the aortic wall which creates spaces for deposits of calcium resulting in a narrowing of the aortic valve and its stenosis in possible conditions.

The treatment of a stenotic aortic valve depends upon the cause and severity of the medical condition for which the patient is considering medical options as a solution. If the case of aortic valve stenosis is not serious and the manifestations do not majorly affect the patient, the doctors usually recommend lifestyle modifications which help in opening up the narrowed aortic valve through the inclusion of healthy diet habits and removal of excess fat and unwanted calls from the intake of food and beverages. The experts of heart and cardiovascular conditions can also prescribe medicines on the similar lines which help the patient to relieve from the symptoms of aortic valve stenosis and likewise aid in a faster recovery.

The heart surgeons recommend surgery as an opt option if the condition of the aortic valve is severe and the repair cannot be treated with medications or lifestyle modifications. There are various alternative types of surgical procedures which are employed by surgeons to treat a stenotic aortic valve. If the patient is about to undergo a major heart surgery, doctors usually culminate the treatment of a stenotic aortic valve in the other process itself so as to cut down the time and hassle with two different surgeries. The surgery is contingent upon the condition of the aortic valve, it can be performed either to repair it or to replace it with a healthy aortic valve.

The surgical procedures for treatment of a stenotic aortic valve are concentrated upon the long lasting effects and the extent of damage caused to the aortic valve. It has been noticed that in most of the cases doctors perform aortic valve replacement and the cases of aortic valve repair are less. The replacement is provided by substituting the damaged aortic valve so as to retrace the normal working of the heart. Whereas, in the case of aortic valve repair, the valve flaps of the aortic valve are separated so that the fusion of its structure can be opened up for normal functioning.

The varieties of surgeries for a stenotic aortic valve includes balloon valvuloplasty which is normally performed in cases of children and infants the reason being that they have a lower tendency to narrow the aortic valve. In cases for adults, balloon valvuloplasty is only recommended when other surgical procedures cannot be performed and it is assisted by changes and regular appointments to keep a check on the condition of the aortic valve. The procedure of balloon valvuloplasty involves the use of a catheter which is inserted into the tip of the artery which connects to the aortic valve, through which a balloon is inserted and inflated to open up the narrowed aortic valve. Later, both the medical instruments are removed and the aortic valve is opened up.

Without any doubts, the heart is a crucial organ for the proper functioning of the human body. Its role as an organ has values and effects which are significant for maintenance of proper health and general well-being. The structure of the heart is further categorized into chambers and valves which assist its function and altogether produce the functioning of oxygenated blood to each and every body part. This brings us to the importance of aortic valve; the condition and functioning of the aortic valve can be hampered due to the layering of substance like cholesterol or excessive minerals or it can be blocked in severe conditions and it causes aortic valve stenosis. This condition is life-threatening and fatal if proper medical attention is a not provided on time. The cardiologist recommends surgery as an effective way to treat a stenotic aortic valve. In this field, the balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty in India is considered as an apt treatment because it follows the medical standards of surgery around the world. Likewise, the procedure of aortic valvuloplasty in Gurgaon's prominent hospitals is an example to efficiently provide the solution for a stenotic aortic valve.

The prominent treatments of a stenotic aortic valve are structured around the use of proficient surgical procedures to effectively treat the aortic valve. In the case of aortic valve repair, the aortic valve is strengthened and healed for proper functioning. On the other hand, if aortic valve replacement is performed, it substitutes the damaged valve with a healthy one. The surgeons from the medically acknowledged institutions of balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty in India state that it is important to follow the prescriptions and recommendations from doctors post surgery so as to decrease the risks of damaging the aortic valve again. Lifestyle modifications of dietary changes and exercises should be strictly followed and the prescription if provided should be the disciplinary taken. The number of successful treatment from eminent hospitals of aortic valvuloplasty in Gurgaon strengthens the fact that if the surgery is a performed with utmost precision and state-of-the-art facilities, the chances of relieving the patient from pain and manifestations of aortic valve stenosis can be considerably increased.

Author's Bio: 

Rahul Tyagi is a freelance content writer & blogger based in the India and he has been in this writing profession for the last 4 years. I keep on writing health-related topics and publish it.