Caused by the bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi, Lyme disease is a disorder transmitted through bites of infected black-legged ticks. The name was derived from the town called Lime in Connecticut, USA where there were several cases that were identified way back in 1975. When suffering from this disorder, you should have Lyme disease treatment immediately before the other organs in your body are affected.

Among the infectious diseases that are tick-borne, Lyme disease is the most common in both North America and Europe. Most cases happen to those who spend much time in woodlands and those who are in heath area. These are places where there are plenty of animals carrying the tick such as deer, mice and a lot more. Outbreaks of this disorder are often during the early summer and autumn for these are the times when people get to do more outdoor activities like camping, hiking and other similar activities.

The signs and symptoms of Lyme disease show in three phases. During the early stage, you will notice that the site of the tick bite expands to form a ring of redness that is not raised. This rash is called erythema migrans and it does not happen to all patients. This is often accompanied by fatigue, stiffness of the joints and muscles, headache and swelling of the lymph nodes. This redness will resolve even without treatment in a few weeks’ time but when you have not received Lyme disease treatment, the bacteria will continue to spread throughout the body. During the later phases, there will be inflammation of the heart muscle which can cause heart failure or abnormal heart rhythm. There can also be facial paralysis, abnormal sensations, confusion, arthritis and meningitis.

The most effective Lyme disease treatment is the use of antibiotics which will fight off the infection thereby helping you recover. The antibiotic will depend on your current condition so a doctor will need to examine you carefully. You will be checked if what body areas are affected so you have to be patient while you are being examined and if there are several tests done. Some common medications used for Lyme disease treatment are doxycycline, amoxicillin, penicillin and cefuroxime. For pregnant women and children who are below eight years old, doxycycline cannot be used for them so you have to check out with your doctor about other options. You may also be given pain medications but that will depend on your condition.

While there is available Lyme disease treatment, it is still better to prevent this disorder rather than suffering from all the various signs and symptoms. If possible, avoid areas where there are animals carrying ticks but if there is no way you can avoid them, there are ways on how you cannot be bitten. The best way of prevention is for you to avoid being bitten by the ticks especially if you frequent areas that have high tick population. What you do is to wear a long-sleeved shirt and tuck your pants into your socks. You should also use insect repellants and constantly check yourself for ticks.

Lyme disease is preventable and treatable so if you can avoid having it, then do so. And should you get bitten by ticks, you should immediately seek for treatment so that you can recover swiftly.

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For more information on Different Types of Diseases, Symptoms and Diagnoses, Please visit: Lyme Disease Rash, Symptoms of Lyme Disease and Gonorrhea Symptoms.