People come in a variety of shapes and sizes. There are three generally accepted body types. The mesomorph, the ectomorph and the endomorph. Knowing which group your body type belongs to will help you determine the fitness and diet programs to follow that will yield satisfactory results. Body types are determined by genetic predisposition. Different body types require different exercise routines if one's goal is to lose weight and reshape the body. It is rare to find a person who exemplifies a perfect body type. Most people display characteristics from each body shape although one type will dominate. Eventually, the dominant body will be your basis for determining what fitness regimen and diet program is best for you.

The mesomorphs are lean, muscular and athletic looking. They find it easy to bulk up and add muscles quickly and easily and they have the advantage of a fast metabolism. They usually have rectangular shapes with well defined chests and shoulders over taut abdomens. Hips are generally as wide as their shoulders with well toned calves, buttocks and thighs. Though mesomorphs look like they have the best body type, problems may arise when the mesomorphs begin to develop a sedentary lifestyle and consume foods rich in fats and carbohydrates. Mesomorphs need a balanced exercise regimen that includes cardio and weight training exercises as well as a healthy diet.

The ectomorph is slim, linear in shape with narrow hips and long arms and legs. Usually tall, ectomorphs are willowy with delicate bone structure that puts them at risk of injury when joining sporting activities. They usually have less muscle and fat than people with other body types and is envied for being able to eat all they can without gaining weight. Ectomorphs benefit from high intensity workouts that increase muscle density. Basic strength training exercises like the bench press, squats and deadlift are always part of their fitness plan. Aerobic exercises should be avoided when trying to gain weight and at a minimum when trying to maintain it. Diet should consist of high fat, carbohydrates and protein to ensure adequate energy and muscle repair.

The endomorph usually has the capacity for high fat storage. Female endomorphs store fat in their butts, hips and legs while their male counterparts collect it in their abdomen. The endomorph's body can be best described as pear shaped, with small to medium bones and muscles that are not well defined. Endomorphs are usually at risk of cardiovascular diseases and certain cancers. Endomorphs need regular (daily) aerobic exercises and weight training with high repetitions to encourage the development of muscles which will improve their metabolism. Additional activities like walking, doing household chores, gardening, etc. that will help you lose weight is helpful. The endomorph's diet should be low fat, low carbohydrates and high protein broken down into small frequent meals.

Comparing the three body types, it is easy to see which is the most ideal. Body types, however, cannot be changed, but it can be balanced out if you know its nature and the best way to handle it.

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