Think about the last time you got angry.

Example #1:

Maybe, you were driving and another driver cut in front of you.

If you immediately got angry, made an obscene gesture, or used language you wouldn’t want your five year old to repeat, it is safe to say that you reacted to the situation.

When you act without thinking, you are reacting. Reacting often leads to regret for having done something you later wish you had avoided.

The Emotions as Tools Model teaches that each emotion communicates a message. This message alerts you to what you believe is happening in the world around you. When you learn to read and use this message to assess your world, you create an opportunity to gain control over your life.

In other words, your emotions are tools that inform you about your world and help you to become more effective in the the actions you choose to take.

The critical word here is choose. When you choose what you want to do, you respond to what is happening. There is personal power in responding.

The message of anger, according to the emotions as tools model, is that you have perceived a threat that you believe you can remove, defeat, or eliminate by throwing enough energy at it to overpower it.

You viewed the actions of the other driver as a threat and you IMMEDIATELY threw your energy into overpowering the threat. In other words, you reacted.

So, what was the threat you perceived? Was it to your safety, your sense of driving etiquette, or your ego?

How much did the action you took help?

Example #2:

I was at the airport recently and there were long lines at the counter. I observed a man who was loudly complaining and becoming increasingly more angry every time he looked up at the screen announcing the flight information. When it was his turn, he focused all of his energy on the clerk. She apologized to him for his inconvenience and said that there was nothing she could do about his cancelled flight.

This was an emotional reaction that reflected the degree of energy behind the anger. The threat to his travel plans was real. His anger was real. His emotional reaction was totally ineffective in resolving the “threat” to his travel plans.

A few minutes later, the clerk was approached by a passenger who effectively utilized her anger and responded to the situation. She acknowledged that the situation was not the clerk’s fault, stated her need to get home as soon as possible, and noted that she would appreciate anything the clerk could do. The clerk responded in kind by making a few phone calls and securing a flight out of the airport.

This passenger responded to her anger and chose a course of action that was appropriate to the situation.

Responding Not Reacting


•is acting impulsively.
•does not involve any reflection upon or thinking about your situation
•is usually ineffective in eliminating the threat
•typically results in your doing something you later regret or need to correct
(as in offer an apology)
•may often make the situation worse


•is acting effectively
•always involves thinking about your situation,
•requires weighing your options
•allows you to choose the best action to take
•results in the threat being eliminated or at least weakened

The three important functions anger, as an emotional tool, performs for you:

1. Anger informs you that you face a threat
2. Anger alerts you to the need to think about what action you can take to
eliminate the threat.
3. Anger gives you an opportunity to choose the best response to handle the

The Emotions as Tools Model suggests that when you respond to your anger, you empower yourself and you effectively utilize your emotions.

Author's Bio: 

Ed Daube, Ph.D. is the author of Emotions As Tools A Self Help Guide to Controlling Your Life not Your Feelings.

Dr. Daube developed the Emotions as Tools Model while working with young men and women in the California Youth Authority. These incarcerated adolescents all had emotional issues but had no way to understand or effectively use their emotions other than to hurt others or themselves.

Dr. Daube has successfully applied the Emotions as Tools Model with law enforcement personnel, college students, passengers on cruise ships, and other diverse groups.

So that you can begin using your emotions as tools to improve your life, you are invited to go to and claim your FREE report entitled Emotions in Motion: A Primer to Harness Your Feelings.