The median age, most people have some impairment cord (disc degeneration, bone spurs, stenosis, and a minor bump disk), but no pain. Thus, what shows up on a scan may not be specifically causing your pain.Because the cause of low back pain can vary, making the treatment plan. There is no magic wand, not a one size fits all programs. All that research clearly supports the reduction of back pain is exercise. But, that said, must be the exercise program tailored to you and your specific condition. A recent study found that of 38 patients originally recommended surgery, only three still needed after an exercise program 13 months.

There are several types of spinal surgery performed to relieve pain. There microdiscectomy (formerly known as lumbar laminectomy), lumbar fusion, fixation and laminectomy. These are some of the most common procedures often performed for patients who suffer from spinal pain and injuries. Here are some of the different types of Spinal surgery:-

Microdiscectomy spinal surgery is performed for patients who only have a herniated disc or a single rupture disk. There should be other problems with the spine, in addition to this. It is done through a small incision, usually about an inch or less, if the physician has special instruments and increased it. This causes less damage to the muscle and that means less pain and shorter recovery time for you. Most patients these days are using epidural rather than general the anesthesia. In this surgery, the doctor will only remove the broken part of the disc and the disc is the cushion between the vertebrae.

Lumbar fusion spinal surgery is performed for patients who need more stability between vertebrae. The patient will receive a bony fusion of the back, pelvis, or a supplement of artificial bone. The bone was prepared and fused between the vertebrae that are unstable. This procedure will allow the growth of new bone and stop the movement also involves the vertebrae. For about three months after surgery, patients wear a back brace for the bone graft to fuse the vertebrae. There will be several x-rays to see if there is any need for internal fixation (rods and screws) if the merger is not where it needs to be.

Fixation of the merger may be necessary if there needs to be more stability to the spine. Rods and screws are used to make the column more rigid and to stabilize the fused bones. When a particular fusion of bones, there is really no need for the rods and screws removed.

Decompressive laminectomy, which is mostly used for patients who have a small spinal canal (spinal stenosis). This condition is often due to arthritis in the spinal canal that causes bone spurs and ligaments extending. This will cause pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. The doctor will remove the bones of the spinal canal to allow more space for the nerves and spinal cord. The incision will be longer than discectomy and patients typically spend a night or two in hospital.

In addition, make sure your doctor explains all the details of the surgery. You need to know what will be done to your spine, how long recovery will take and what are some of the problems that can occur. Your doctor should be willing to sit with you and talk about all these things and any questions you may have for him / her. There are many neurosurgeons in India and there are many hospitals in India where you can go for spinal surgery at a low cost. Hundreds of patient come from oversee for spinal surgery in India.

Author's Bio: 

The Author is a medical expert by profession and has written articles on various health related issues. At present, She is working for and writing on the topics like : spinal surgery, full knee replacement, neurosurgeons in india, dental smile makeover, liberation treatment etc.