Headaches are one of the most common causes of chronic pain, ranging from mild to severe. Women are more prone to headaches than men – especially migraine headaches. Here are some common headache causes and remedies. Genetics, lifestyle, diet, exercise and sleep deprivation can all play a role in an individual's susceptibility to chronic headaches.

Headache Basics

Headaches may be primary or secondary. A primary headache occurs from a particular neurological or vascular condition, allergic response or genetic factors. A secondary headache is a symptom that results from another condition such as a brain tumor or high blood pressure.
Migraines result from a neurological disorder and may sometimes be accompanied by symptoms that resemble a stroke as well as nausea and vomiting.

Tension headaches occur when the muscles in the upper shoulders, back of the neck and scalp are tense.
Sinus headaches can be the result of chronic sinus problems or allergies or may occur when you have a sinus infection.

Head injuries can result in chronic headaches. This is more common if the head injury was severe enough to result in unconsciousness or an actual concussion.
When the bones in the neck are out of alignment, it may result in chronic headaches.

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is located in the “hinge” of the jaw. Some people develop temporomandibular joint syndrome, which can include jaw pain and headache.
Neuralgia is a chronic irritation of the trigeminal nerve in the face. It can cause severe, debilitating headaches and facial pain.

Treatment of Headaches

In some cases, treating a headache means managing symptoms. For example, migraines cannot be cured, but identifying triggers and avoiding stress can help reduce their frequency. In others treating the primary cause – such as high blood pressure – will eliminate the headaches. Treatment strategies include a wide variety of therapies. When the neck is out of alignment, chiropractic adjustment may be helpful. Pain medications are often necessary for migraines.

In most cases, a headache is not cause for concern. When a headache become chronic and occurs almost daily, you should see your doctor. If you have facial numbness, severe pain, vision problems, slurred speech or limb weakness, seek immediate medical care.

A Different Kind of Pain

Sometimes, instead of a headache, the issues lies with tension in the neck and head. If this is the case, essential oils are good for soothing and relieving that tension in the head and neck. Massage and aromatherapy can also help ease the tension that you may be feeling.

Author's Bio: 

Harper Harmon is a freelance writer and blogger who focuses on business, health and other various topics. She graduated with a bachelor's degree in communication from UCLA and currently reside in Santa Cruz with my dog, Sassy.