Investing money is one way that people can save to reach their goals, whether it's retirement, a child's college education, or another financial goal. Beginning investors should take time to determine their goals and learn some investment basics before jumping straight into making an investment. Successful investing requires a lot of research, time, and patience. As beginning investors begin to have some success in making money through investments, they will develop a certain degree of skill. However, there is still a degree of risk for even the most experienced and skilled investors. Finding the answers to some basic investment questions will help beginner investor efforts be more successful.

How much money do I need to make an investment?

A common mistake for beginning investors is that they must have a large sum of money to make an investment. The truth is that many investments can be made for as few as hundreds or perhaps a few thousand dollars. One way to start investing in small amounts is through dividend reinvestment plans or direct stock purchase options. Investors can invest in a company's stock options by paying a minimum initial fee, often as little as $ 25 or $ 50 and making an initial investment. Once the money begins to accumulate, it can be transferred to a brokerage account, where the investor can start investing large sums of money.

What are the different types of investment?

Once investors determine that they have enough money to make an investment, the difficult part is deciding where to invest their money. There are many different options for investors; Some of the most common investment options are mutual funds,bonds, futures, and real estate.

Mutual funds: One way for people to invest without having to manage their investment "in a practical way" is by investing in mutual funds. Mutual funds are investments managed by a fund manager. This fund manager invests the pool of money, contributed by various individual investors, into the financial market. The funds can be invested through closed or open funds. Closed-end funds have a set number of shares that are distributed to the public and traded on the open market; while open funds do not do a certain number of shares. The trader will reinvest in new shares for the investor. Stocks are overseen by a professional money manager who is trained to select investments that will provide the highest returns to the investor.

Exchange-traded funds - These funds, known as ETFs, are investor funds that are invested similarly to mutual funds. However, since ETFs are designed only to track certain indices and much of their management is computerized, their maintenance costs and fees are generally much lower.

Bonds: When investors buy bonds, they buy a stake in a company or corporation. Companies issue bonds, which is a loan from an investor. In turn, the company agrees to pay this investor at specified intervals with interest. Investing in bonds can be a fairly safe investment. Unless the company files for bankruptcy, the investor will almost certainly receive at least the minimum amount of their investment. These interest payments at set intervals can be a stable source of income for retired couples or others who want to create a type of investment where they can generate consistent returns. Interest earned on bonds may be tax exempt with some types of bonds.

Real Estate: Real estate can be a good investment when the time is right, but it often takes a lot of work. An easy way for investors to enter the real estate market is through a real estate investment trust, or REIT. Investors become co-owners in REIT investments, such as shopping malls, park garages, hotels, or other real estate companies. REITs often pay high cash dividends to investors because the REIT does not pay federal income taxes in exchange for paying 90 percent or more of its earnings to shareholders in the form of dividends. Another way to earn money by investing in real estate is by buying property, improving property by repairing or adding services, and then selling it for profit; or rent the houses to tenants and receive a monthly income from payments.

Author's Bio: 

Currency trading involves buying / selling the currency of one country with the currency of another country.