Java, a programming language, was released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems and continues to be one of the most popular even today. It is the most used for DevOps, AI, Machine Learning and microservices. It is widely used for enterprise applications and for building dynamic digital products. As per a report from TIOBE, Java has been among the top three programming languages of choice for the past 20 years and stands in the 3rd position with a market share of 10.46%. Java is scalable, robust, and dynamic and is used to build applications that can handle hundreds of requests at once.

Its popularity can be attributed to the following characteristics:-

  1. Java is platform-independent and its code can be compiled on one operating system and run on another or compiled and run on the same system.
  2. Java is object-oriented and class-based and therefore it can be easily extended.
  3. Java is multithreaded and makes it possible to write programs that can perform many tasks simultaneously. This feature enables developers to construct applications that run smoothly.
  4. Java byte code can be translated on the fly to native machine instructions and is not stored anywhere making the development process more rapid and analytical since linking is incremental and a lightweight process.

Today, Java is one of the most extensively used programming languages and its applications are used in almost all fields from web development, big data, artificial Intelligence, mobile development etc.

Some of the popular Java applications are:-

Android development - The primary technology behind Android application development is Java. It's Java Micro Edition (J2ME) is the popular cross-platform framework used for building Android applications. The Java classes are converted to bytecode using the Java compiler using the Dalvik Virtual Machine which is a virtual machine specifically for Android applications. Java also works well with Android Studio and Kotlin. Companies like Spotify, Netflix, Google Earth, Uber, Opera Mini, NASA, etc use Java for their mobile applications.

Java Desktop GUI applications - Besides Java web application development, the language is also capable of Graphical User Interface (GUI) development. Java enables Graphic User Interface (GUI) development using resources like Abstract Windowing Toolkit (AWT), JavaFX and Swing. Tree-based applications and apps which use 3-D graphical interfaces can be developed by Java programmers. Acrobat Reader, Mediaplayer, and ThinkFree are some of the popular GUI applications using the Java programming language.

Embedded systems - Java was initially developed to create embedded systems. Embedded systems are a combination of small systems that come together to perform a specific function. Java is very efficient and provides robustness to handle exceptions easily. Nest Thermostat and Voyager are real-world applications where embedded systems were created using this technology.

Gaming applications - A variety of open-source frameworks are available for building games using Java and are available for both 2-D and 3-D game formats. Dalvik Virtual Machine and JMonkeyEngine offer the best capabilities for building dynamic games. Java can also be used to create Android games. Some of the most popular games like Mission Impossible III, Minecraft, Asphalt 6 & many others have been developed using Java.

Stock trading software - Java programming is now being used for stock market trading platforms. ZenTrader and CQG have been developed using Java and are two of the most popular trading platforms built on Java.

Big data solutions - Java provides many cloud development tools, frameworks, and libraries for working with big data. The technology is capable of processing large amounts of data and deriving valuable insights from it. Automatic garbage collection and powerful memory management are some of the features of Java that make it a preferred technology for big data solutions. Hadoop, a popular big data platform, has been written using Java. Apache's Hbase and Elastisearch use Java and enable companies to take advantage of data-based solution development.

Enterprise solutions - Enterprise solutions can be developed using Java, which is fundamentally a scalable and robust programming language. Java is secure and reliable and used by most enterprises in their technology stack. Enterprise Java applications are big and Java Enterprise edition can be used which offers tools necessary to create large-scale, multi-thread enterprise applications. Java’s string memory management capabilities can ensure that the performance of enterprise applications continuously remains at the best level. Companies like Google, HCL, Wipro, and Infosys are among some of the top-rated companies using Java for Enterprise application development.

Scientific computing - Java is also used to develop applications for scientific computing. It's used for scientific and numerical computation, and analysis and has a secure and highly portable environment to build applications that use scientific computing. Mathematical Laboratory (MATLAB) is a very popular scientific application that uses Java for both frontend and backend development.

To conclude, Java is a very versatile language and has applications in every industry with real-world use cases. It is the first choice for enterprises that want to get scalable and robust enterprise applications and solutions. Using the services of a specialist Java software development company even you can develop multi-platform programs and applications that enable your organization's growth.

Author's Bio: 

Kaushal Shah manages digital marketing communications for the enterprise technology services provided by Rishabh Software.