If there is someone who knows how to survive in extreme cold, then they are veterans of the Corps of Marines. It's about body core temperatures, Lieutenant Colonel Ben Vlasman explains. He is Mountain Leader at the Corps of Marines and gave several winters cold weather instruction. "Your body concentrates with extreme cold on warming your vital organs and the brain, the body core. The rest is already taking a little distance: the extremities are getting less blood and dying if you do not do anything."

If you forget your gloves, tinkling fingers in winter is a sweep sign. "You're almost late at tingling. The blood has already retracted from your extremities, that tingling is flowing back after warming up. If you do not do anything, a white haze on your skin will soon develop, which is called frostnip and so far we do not want to come as a marine.
Frostnip is the mildest form of tissue damage caused by cold. "In an exercise, numb fingers or toes and tingling are a reason to quickly create an accommodation: from the elements. If we do not have a tent, we'll dig a pit out of puffed snow: a snow hole. Inside you have - even if it's out of the past 30 - an area around the freezing point. A small candle and a sleeping bag are then basically enough to maintain your body temperature. "

Tip 1: Take hot tea
Each mariner has a hot bottle of hot tea in cold conditions. "If you threaten to undercool and drink tea, warm your body right in the middle of that area where your bloodstream will save everything at such a moment. The warmth sensation of that hot tea also instantly boosts your cognitive skills so that you can act again. The sugar ensures quick combustion. I advise everyone in a cold weather to take a hot can of hot tea.

Tip 2: Look at the weather report
Teenagers who have to ride a long way to school are well prepared to start preparing their cold at home. "Read the weather forecast. Does it get cold? Maybe it's a few degrees above zero. But if there's a tight wind, the windchill effect can still cause freezing phenomena. The feeling temperature counts, not the thermometer value."

Tip 3: Your sweater in a plastic bag
Against cold, you protect yourself with a good insulation. "Work in a multi-layer system, the air layers between your clothes keep your body warmth." But marines are very intense drivers during their cold and mountain training, they sweat a lot. Lieutenant Ben: "We pull all those intermediate layers apart from the bottom layer. Keep that up with your coat. The rest of your clothes will stop you waterproof in your equipment. If you are at rest, then let your wet coat dry and apply those layers that immediately warm your body temperature."

"Minus 15 degrees is a limit". Above you can still keep moving in the cold, like skiing on skis. Below you start to run the risk of frozen bronchi plus the inflammations that follow. That is, of course, dangerous, especially in a war situation. Under the -30 degrees, for safety reasons, practically no physical work is done outside our shelter. That forces us into a static approach: deploying posts and repaying each other.

Tip 4: Keep your clothes dry
Really dangerous is weather where you get wet first and then go into the freezing night. "For this reason, marines get rid of Goretex by rain. Every winter cyclist in the Netherlands should have such a jacket, they can be bought at outdoor shops. Staying dry is fundamental in cold weather. "
The Corps Mariniers now formed within the armed forces at the military center of expertise under extreme weather conditions. "There are certainly similarities between extreme heat and extreme cold. But if I can choose, please do me cold and dry snow. In that, you can enjoy the good material.

You must do everything to prevent dangerous situations. Also if you have priority. Good seafaring is about all aspects of handling a ship safely. Not all potential (dangerous) situations are regulated.

In the absence of relevant regulations, the skipper must use good seam allowance to prevent life from being compromised, the damage being caused or shipboard being compromised. It may also appear that there are rules but that cannot be applied in a particular circumstance. This is primarily a threatening collision.

Author's Bio: 

Misty Jhones