Orthopaedics Procedure that address the challenges of healthcare literacy. Orthopaedic procedure is an operation performed by a medical specialist such as an orthopedist or orthopedic surgeon, who is trained to assess and treat problems that develop in the bones, joints, and ligaments of the human body.

Step 1: Drilling/Microfracture of Damaged Articular Cartilage Introduction

The patella is a flat triangular-shaped bone that protects the knee joint and helps muscles move your leg more efficiently. A healthy patella glides up and down a groove at the end of your femur, pain-free.

Step 2: Conditions

However, there are a number of conditions that can cause pain when your patella moves. Your surgeon will determine which treatment is best for you based on your specific condition.

Step 3: Incisions

Small incisions (portals) are made around the joint. The scope and surgical instruments will go into these incisions.

Step 4: Treatment Area

The blue arrow is indicating the area that will be treated during this procedure.

Step 5: Visualization

The scope is inserted into the knee. Saline solution flows through a tube (cannula) and into the knee to expand the joint and to improve visualization. The image is sent to a video monitor where the surgeon can see inside the joint.

Step 6: Removal

The damaged cartilage is removed from the joint using a specialized surgical instrument.

Step 7: Healing

After the damaged cartilage is removed, a drill or pick is used to make small holes in the exposed bone. Making these small holes will help heal the damaged area, thus the term “drilling/microfracture.”

Step 8: End of Orthopaedics Procedure

After the drilling is finished the surgical instruments are removed and the procedure is completed.

Other Orthopaedics Procedures:

Knee Replacement

Hip Replacement

Author's Bio: 

Dr. L. Bharath is one of the best orthopaedic doctor in Chennai. He specializes in Knee & Hip surgery includes primary, complex & revision (previously failed) joint replacements, sport injuries & arthroscopic (keyhole) procedures