Hernias occur when your internal organs or tissue breakthrough areas that normally contain them. Hernias usually occur in the abdominal cavity between your chest and hip.

Hernias can be asymptomatic or cause slight to severe pain. The pain can occur while you are resting or during certain activities such as walking or running.

The most common hernias are:-

Inguinal (groin) hernia is more common in men than in women. The fatty tissue or part of the intestines goes through the weak abdominal wall near the left or right inguinal canal. In men, it is in the duct of the spermatic cord and blood vessel leading to the testicles. In women, the canals are located around ligaments of the uterus.
Femoral hernia affects older women. The fatty tissue or part of the intestine pokes through the groin at the top of the inner thigh.
Umbilical hernia the fatty tissue or part of the intense push through the abdomen near the navel.
Hiatal (hiatus) hernia parts of the stomach push the chest cavity through the diaphragm.
A majority of all hernia (75-80%) are either Inguinal or Femoral. This was followed by umbilical hernia affecting 10-20% of newborn babies. Most umbilical hernia clears up by the baby turn 5.


Hernia symptoms can vary. Hernia in the abdomen or groin can produce a noticeable lump or bulge that can be pressed back in or reduces or disappears when you lie down.

Physical activity or exertion can make the bulge reappear. Symptoms of a hernia include:-

Growth or lump in the groin or scrotum.
Increased pain in the location of the lump.
Pain while lifting.
The size of the lump increasing over time
Dull aching sensation
Feeling full or sensing a bowel obstruction.
Hiatal hernias do not have any visible bulges symptoms may include heartburn, indigestion, vomiting, and chest pain.

You need to book a doctor in NCR quickly if you think you a hernia. Your doctor will refer you to the general surgeon in Patna to establish the need for surgery and to avoid emergency surgery.


Inguinal and femoral hernias are caused due to weakened muscle this may be congenital or associated with aging or repeated strain on the abdomen and groin areas. Strain can be due to physical activity, pregnancy, obesity, and frequent bouts of coughing or constipation.

Umbilical hernia in adults is caused when the abdominal area is strained due to pregnancy, being overweight, chronic cough or pregnancy.

The cause of Hiatal hernia is not fully understood. The diaphragm can get weak due to aging or excess pressure on the abdomen could play a role.


The best general surgeon from NCR will perform a thorough medical history and physical examination. They will ask detailed questions about your symptoms and the duration of the symptoms. During the examination, they will look for bulges in your abdominal and groin area that get larger when you stand or increase abdominal pressure.

The general surgeon in NCR will order imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scans or MRI scans to help them confirm their diagnosis. For hiatal hernia they may order a barium X-ray or an endoscopy.

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Treatment options for hernias depend on the type of hernia and your physical health. The surgeon may opt to monitor your symptoms. Changes in diet and lifestyle may be recommended.

Hernias usually need surgery, the general surgeon near me will recommend the best surgical options available:-

Open surgery requires a large incision. The protruding tissue is put back in place and the weakened wall is repaired.
Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure where the doctor makes a small incision to fix the hernia.
Sometimes the surgeon adds a mesh to provide extra support. A physiotherapist in NCR may be recommended to help you strengthen muscles around the hernia and help in weight loss.

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