What Is Amphetamine?

Amphetamine is a very powerful drug. Many medical treatments use amphetamine as their main drug. When the drug enters the body, it directly stimulates the central nervous system. It can also increase the rate of brain activity, making a person feel highly energetic and powerful.

How Does Amphetamine Work?

If you take amphetamine, then it will affect the neurotransmitters in your brain. The brain has many neurotransmitters like norepinephrine and dopamine. Amphetamine makes the neurotransmitters super active.

The Invention of Amphetamine

Amphetamine was first made in a chemical lab at the University of Berlin by a Romanian chemist called Lazar Edeleanu in 1887. However, it was in 1920 that amphetamine gained popularity in the medical sector by Gordon A. Alles.

What is amphetamine used for?

Doctors used amphetamine to cure a variety of diseases. Some of them are as follows:

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

There are many kinds of mental problems and ADHD is one of them. When a person has ADHD, he or she will have difficulties in paying attention to details in their life and surroundings.

The patient has frequent mood swings, irritability, lack of organization skills, and impulsive behaviors. It mostly affects children. However, adults can also have ADHD from childhood.

Amphetamine can reverse the effects of ADHD. It also prevents unwanted changes in the brain and helps in brain development.

  • Narcolepsy

If you have narcolepsy, then you will experience a powerful urge to sleep all the time. People who have narcolepsy sleep excessively, both during the day and the night.

 Narcolepsy can be treated with amphetamine. The doctors in the past used amphetamine excessively.  But in recent times, due to the high addictiveness of amphetamine, it is being replaced by other drugs like modafinil.

Amphetamine can reduce obesity. In the 1930s it was used as an obesity drug. When a person takes amphetamine, he or she will have less than normal appetites. It means that your desire to eat will be nullified and you will not feel hungry at all.

Amphetamine has a variety of side effects. It stopped being used as an obesity drug after that.

What Are the Effects of Amphetamine on Your Body?

Amphetamine has a huge number of negative effects on your body. It causes both long term and short term effects on the different organs in the body.

Some of its negative effects are as follows:

  • Chest pains
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Increased chance of heart attack
  • Severe damage to the kidneys
  • Shortness of breath
  • Numbness of the fingers
  • High blood pressure
  • Vessel damage in the brain
  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness

How to Treat Amphetamine Addiction?

Since amphetamine changes the structure of the brain, it can have severe long term effects. Therefore it is very addictive and can cause depression when the drug is not taken anymore.

There are several ways in which a person can treat amphetamine addiction and some of them are as follows:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

This is the best way to treat amphetamine addiction. Since amphetamine causes permanent changes in the brain structure, it has severe withdrawal symptoms. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps the patient to gradually get over the side effects of not consuming amphetamine.

Family support is very important in these situations.

Author's Bio: 

Bloger Writer.